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Contrasting deficits on executive functions between ADHD and reading disabled children.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2008 May; 49(5):543-52.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The object of this study was to analyze the executive functioning of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or reading disability (RD) independent of their non-executive deficits.

METHODS

Three carefully diagnosed groups of children, aged between 7 and 12 years (35 ADHD, 22 RD and 30 typically developing children), were tested on a wide range of tasks related to five major domains of executive functioning (EF): inhibition, visual working memory, planning, cognitive flexibility, and verbal fluency. Additional tasks were selected for each domain to control for non-executive processing.

RESULTS

ADHD children were impaired on interference control, but not on prepotent and ongoing response suppression. ADHD showed deficits on visual working memory, planning, cognitive flexibility and phonetic fluency. RD children were impaired on phonetic fluency. The only EF measure that differentiated ADHD from RD was planning.

CONCLUSIONS

The present sample of ADHD children showed several EF deficits, whereas RD children were almost spared executive dysfunction, but exhibited deficits in phonetic fluency.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy. gianmarco.marzocchi@unimib.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18400060

Citation

Marzocchi, Gian Marco, et al. "Contrasting Deficits On Executive Functions Between ADHD and Reading Disabled Children." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 49, no. 5, 2008, pp. 543-52.
Marzocchi GM, Oosterlaan J, Zuddas A, et al. Contrasting deficits on executive functions between ADHD and reading disabled children. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2008;49(5):543-52.
Marzocchi, G. M., Oosterlaan, J., Zuddas, A., Cavolina, P., Geurts, H., Redigolo, D., Vio, C., & Sergeant, J. A. (2008). Contrasting deficits on executive functions between ADHD and reading disabled children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 49(5), 543-52. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01859.x
Marzocchi GM, et al. Contrasting Deficits On Executive Functions Between ADHD and Reading Disabled Children. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2008;49(5):543-52. PubMed PMID: 18400060.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Contrasting deficits on executive functions between ADHD and reading disabled children. AU - Marzocchi,Gian Marco, AU - Oosterlaan,Jaap, AU - Zuddas,Alessandro, AU - Cavolina,Pina, AU - Geurts,Hilde, AU - Redigolo,Debora, AU - Vio,Claudio, AU - Sergeant,Joseph A, PY - 2008/4/11/pubmed PY - 2008/7/22/medline PY - 2008/4/11/entrez SP - 543 EP - 52 JF - Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines JO - J Child Psychol Psychiatry VL - 49 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The object of this study was to analyze the executive functioning of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or reading disability (RD) independent of their non-executive deficits. METHODS: Three carefully diagnosed groups of children, aged between 7 and 12 years (35 ADHD, 22 RD and 30 typically developing children), were tested on a wide range of tasks related to five major domains of executive functioning (EF): inhibition, visual working memory, planning, cognitive flexibility, and verbal fluency. Additional tasks were selected for each domain to control for non-executive processing. RESULTS: ADHD children were impaired on interference control, but not on prepotent and ongoing response suppression. ADHD showed deficits on visual working memory, planning, cognitive flexibility and phonetic fluency. RD children were impaired on phonetic fluency. The only EF measure that differentiated ADHD from RD was planning. CONCLUSIONS: The present sample of ADHD children showed several EF deficits, whereas RD children were almost spared executive dysfunction, but exhibited deficits in phonetic fluency. SN - 1469-7610 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18400060/Contrasting_deficits_on_executive_functions_between_ADHD_and_reading_disabled_children_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -