Promoting of wakefulness by administrations of modafinil into anterior hypothalamus and into the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus in rats.Neurosci Lett 2008; 436(2):283-7NL
We investigated whether administration of MOD in rats during the lights-on period into wake-promoting areas, such as anterior hypothalamus (AH) or into the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg) would enhance waking. Results showed that microinjections of 1 microL of MOD (10, 20, or 30 microg) into both brain areas increased the total time of alertness and decreased sleep. Additionally, MOD-treated rats showed an enhancement in alpha power spectra but delta power spectra was diminished. Finally, c-Fos expression was found increased into either AH or the PPTg. Collectively, these results suggest that MOD induces waking via the activity of two wake-related brain areas such as AH and the PPTg.