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PTSD symptom clusters are differentially related to substance use among community women exposed to intimate partner violence.
J Trauma Stress. 2008 Apr; 21(2):173-80.JT

Abstract

Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) have higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse compared to women who do not experience IPV. However, the extent to which IPV-related PTSD symptoms are related to women's substance use involvement largely has been unexplored. The current study investigated PTSD symptomatology and substance use in a community sample of 212 IPV-exposed women. Drug-using women reported higher PTSD severity scores compared to women who reported no substance use or alcohol use only. Moreover, the reexperiencing, avoidance and numbing, and arousal clusters demonstrated unique associations with substance use involvement. Findings not only elucidate the associations among IPV-related PTSD symptoms and substance use, but they also can inform community-based preventive interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Prevention and Community Research, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. tami.sullivan@yale.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18404637

Citation

Sullivan, Tami P., and Laura J. Holt. "PTSD Symptom Clusters Are Differentially Related to Substance Use Among Community Women Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 21, no. 2, 2008, pp. 173-80.
Sullivan TP, Holt LJ. PTSD symptom clusters are differentially related to substance use among community women exposed to intimate partner violence. J Trauma Stress. 2008;21(2):173-80.
Sullivan, T. P., & Holt, L. J. (2008). PTSD symptom clusters are differentially related to substance use among community women exposed to intimate partner violence. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21(2), 173-80. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20318
Sullivan TP, Holt LJ. PTSD Symptom Clusters Are Differentially Related to Substance Use Among Community Women Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence. J Trauma Stress. 2008;21(2):173-80. PubMed PMID: 18404637.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - PTSD symptom clusters are differentially related to substance use among community women exposed to intimate partner violence. AU - Sullivan,Tami P, AU - Holt,Laura J, PY - 2008/4/12/pubmed PY - 2008/8/9/medline PY - 2008/4/12/entrez SP - 173 EP - 80 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 21 IS - 2 N2 - Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) have higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse compared to women who do not experience IPV. However, the extent to which IPV-related PTSD symptoms are related to women's substance use involvement largely has been unexplored. The current study investigated PTSD symptomatology and substance use in a community sample of 212 IPV-exposed women. Drug-using women reported higher PTSD severity scores compared to women who reported no substance use or alcohol use only. Moreover, the reexperiencing, avoidance and numbing, and arousal clusters demonstrated unique associations with substance use involvement. Findings not only elucidate the associations among IPV-related PTSD symptoms and substance use, but they also can inform community-based preventive interventions. SN - 0894-9867 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18404637/PTSD_symptom_clusters_are_differentially_related_to_substance_use_among_community_women_exposed_to_intimate_partner_violence_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20318 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -