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Confocal laser microscopic imaging of conspicuous facial pores in vivo: relation between the appearance and the internal structure of skin.
Skin Res Technol 2008; 14(2):208-12SR

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE

Conspicuous facial pores are one of the more serious esthetic defects of most concern to women. Previous microscopic observations of the skin surface around conspicuous pores have discovered large hollows and uneven skin tone. In this study, the observation area was extended from the skin surface to deeper skin to find the characteristic features of conspicuous pores in a wider spectrum.

METHODS

First, a magnified surface image of the cheek skin was obtained using a video microscope. Second, replicas were collected from the same area. Third, the horizontal cross-sectioned images of the epidermis and papillary dermis in different depths were non-invasively obtained using in vivo confocal laser scanning microscopy. These images were compared with each other to find a correlation between features of the skin surface and those of deeper layers.

RESULTS

In cross-sectioned images of conspicuous pores, a strongly undulated epidermal-dermal junction was commonly observed around a pore's opening. Areas with this feature correlated well to the areas with larger hollows and an uneven skin tone.

CONCLUSION

Our results indicate that there is a positive correlation between the incidence of the characteristic feature at the epidermal-dermal junction and the visual appearance of a pore.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biological Science Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Haga-gun, Tochigi, Japan. sugata.keiichi@kao.co.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18412564

Citation

Sugata, Keiichi, et al. "Confocal Laser Microscopic Imaging of Conspicuous Facial Pores in Vivo: Relation Between the Appearance and the Internal Structure of Skin." Skin Research and Technology : Official Journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI), vol. 14, no. 2, 2008, pp. 208-12.
Sugata K, Nishijima T, Kitahara T, et al. Confocal laser microscopic imaging of conspicuous facial pores in vivo: relation between the appearance and the internal structure of skin. Skin Res Technol. 2008;14(2):208-12.
Sugata, K., Nishijima, T., Kitahara, T., & Takema, Y. (2008). Confocal laser microscopic imaging of conspicuous facial pores in vivo: relation between the appearance and the internal structure of skin. Skin Research and Technology : Official Journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI), 14(2), pp. 208-12. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0846.2007.00281.x.
Sugata K, et al. Confocal Laser Microscopic Imaging of Conspicuous Facial Pores in Vivo: Relation Between the Appearance and the Internal Structure of Skin. Skin Res Technol. 2008;14(2):208-12. PubMed PMID: 18412564.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Confocal laser microscopic imaging of conspicuous facial pores in vivo: relation between the appearance and the internal structure of skin. AU - Sugata,Keiichi, AU - Nishijima,Takafumi, AU - Kitahara,Takashi, AU - Takema,Yoshinori, PY - 2008/4/17/pubmed PY - 2008/5/7/medline PY - 2008/4/17/entrez SP - 208 EP - 12 JF - Skin research and technology : official journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI) JO - Skin Res Technol VL - 14 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Conspicuous facial pores are one of the more serious esthetic defects of most concern to women. Previous microscopic observations of the skin surface around conspicuous pores have discovered large hollows and uneven skin tone. In this study, the observation area was extended from the skin surface to deeper skin to find the characteristic features of conspicuous pores in a wider spectrum. METHODS: First, a magnified surface image of the cheek skin was obtained using a video microscope. Second, replicas were collected from the same area. Third, the horizontal cross-sectioned images of the epidermis and papillary dermis in different depths were non-invasively obtained using in vivo confocal laser scanning microscopy. These images were compared with each other to find a correlation between features of the skin surface and those of deeper layers. RESULTS: In cross-sectioned images of conspicuous pores, a strongly undulated epidermal-dermal junction was commonly observed around a pore's opening. Areas with this feature correlated well to the areas with larger hollows and an uneven skin tone. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that there is a positive correlation between the incidence of the characteristic feature at the epidermal-dermal junction and the visual appearance of a pore. SN - 1600-0846 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18412564/Confocal_laser_microscopic_imaging_of_conspicuous_facial_pores_in_vivo:_relation_between_the_appearance_and_the_internal_structure_of_skin_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0846.2007.00281.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -