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The joint association of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking with hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes.
Addiction. 2008 May; 103(5):749-57.A

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous studies on alcohol-related road safety have not assessed the joint impact of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking.

AIM

To examine the joint and separate association of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking with hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes.

METHODS

Data were drawn from telephone interviews conducted in the period 2000-2005, with 12 037 individuals representative of the population aged 18-64 years in the Madrid region, Spain. The threshold between average moderate and heavy volumes was 40 g of alcohol/day in men and 24 g/day in women. Binge drinking was defined as intake of >or= 80 g of alcohol in men and >or= 60 g in women, during any drinking occasion in the preceding 30 days. Individuals were classified into the following categories: (i) non-drinkers; (ii) moderate drinkers with no binge drinking (MDNB); (iii) moderate drinkers with binge drinking (MDB); (iv) heavy drinkers with no binge drinking (HDNB); and (v) heavy drinkers with binge drinking (HDB). Analyses were performed using logistic regression, with adjustment for sex, age and educational level.

FINDINGS

Frequency of inadequate seat-belt use increased progressively across categories of alcohol consumption, with odds ratio (OR) 1 in non-drinkers, 1.19 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-1.33] in MDNB, 1.69 (1.41-2.03) in MDB, 1.68 (1.24-2.29) in HDNB and 2.41 (1.83-3.18) in HDB (P for trend <0.001). Compared with MDNB, alcohol-impaired driving was also more frequent in MDB (OR 7.43; 95% CI: 5.52-10.00), HDNB (OR 7.31; 95% CI: 4.37-12.25) and in HDB (OR 15.50; 95% CI: 10.62-22.61). Lastly, compared with non-drinkers, frequency of traffic crashes increased progressively across categories of alcohol consumption (P for trend=0.028), although it only reached statistical significance in HDB (OR 2.01; 95% CI: 1.00-4.09).

CONCLUSIONS

Self-reported average volume of alcohol and binge drinking are both associated with self-reported hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes. The strength of the association is greater when average heavy consumption and binge drinking occur jointly.

Authors+Show Affiliations

CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid, Spain. jose.valencia@uam.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18412753

Citation

Valencia-Martín, José Lorenzo, et al. "The Joint Association of Average Volume of Alcohol and Binge Drinking With Hazardous Driving Behaviour and Traffic Crashes." Addiction (Abingdon, England), vol. 103, no. 5, 2008, pp. 749-57.
Valencia-Martín JL, Galán I, Rodríguez-Artalejo F. The joint association of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking with hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes. Addiction. 2008;103(5):749-57.
Valencia-Martín, J. L., Galán, I., & Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. (2008). The joint association of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking with hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 103(5), 749-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02165.x
Valencia-Martín JL, Galán I, Rodríguez-Artalejo F. The Joint Association of Average Volume of Alcohol and Binge Drinking With Hazardous Driving Behaviour and Traffic Crashes. Addiction. 2008;103(5):749-57. PubMed PMID: 18412753.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The joint association of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking with hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes. AU - Valencia-Martín,José Lorenzo, AU - Galán,Iñaki, AU - Rodríguez-Artalejo,Fernando, PY - 2008/4/17/pubmed PY - 2008/8/7/medline PY - 2008/4/17/entrez SP - 749 EP - 57 JF - Addiction (Abingdon, England) JO - Addiction VL - 103 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous studies on alcohol-related road safety have not assessed the joint impact of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking. AIM: To examine the joint and separate association of average volume of alcohol and binge drinking with hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes. METHODS: Data were drawn from telephone interviews conducted in the period 2000-2005, with 12 037 individuals representative of the population aged 18-64 years in the Madrid region, Spain. The threshold between average moderate and heavy volumes was 40 g of alcohol/day in men and 24 g/day in women. Binge drinking was defined as intake of >or= 80 g of alcohol in men and >or= 60 g in women, during any drinking occasion in the preceding 30 days. Individuals were classified into the following categories: (i) non-drinkers; (ii) moderate drinkers with no binge drinking (MDNB); (iii) moderate drinkers with binge drinking (MDB); (iv) heavy drinkers with no binge drinking (HDNB); and (v) heavy drinkers with binge drinking (HDB). Analyses were performed using logistic regression, with adjustment for sex, age and educational level. FINDINGS: Frequency of inadequate seat-belt use increased progressively across categories of alcohol consumption, with odds ratio (OR) 1 in non-drinkers, 1.19 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-1.33] in MDNB, 1.69 (1.41-2.03) in MDB, 1.68 (1.24-2.29) in HDNB and 2.41 (1.83-3.18) in HDB (P for trend <0.001). Compared with MDNB, alcohol-impaired driving was also more frequent in MDB (OR 7.43; 95% CI: 5.52-10.00), HDNB (OR 7.31; 95% CI: 4.37-12.25) and in HDB (OR 15.50; 95% CI: 10.62-22.61). Lastly, compared with non-drinkers, frequency of traffic crashes increased progressively across categories of alcohol consumption (P for trend=0.028), although it only reached statistical significance in HDB (OR 2.01; 95% CI: 1.00-4.09). CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported average volume of alcohol and binge drinking are both associated with self-reported hazardous driving behaviour and traffic crashes. The strength of the association is greater when average heavy consumption and binge drinking occur jointly. SN - 0965-2140 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18412753/The_joint_association_of_average_volume_of_alcohol_and_binge_drinking_with_hazardous_driving_behaviour_and_traffic_crashes_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02165.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -