C-FLIP promotes the motility of cancer cells by activating FAK and ERK, and increasing MMP-9 expression.Mol Cells. 2008 Apr 30; 25(2):184-95.MC
We examined the role of c-FLIP in the motility of HeLa cells. A small interfering RNA (siRNA) directed against c-FLIP inhibited the adhesion and motility of the cells without affecting their growth rate. The long form of c-FLIP (c-FLIPL), but not the short form (c-FLIPS), enhanced adhesion and motility. Downregulation of c-FLIPL with siRNA decreased phosphorylation of FAK and ERK, while overexpression of c-FLIPL increased their phosphorylation. Overexpression of FAK activated ERK, and enhanced the motility of HeLa cells. FRNK, an inhibitory fragment of FAK, inhibited ERK and decreased motility. Inhibition of ERK also significantly suppressed c-FLIPL-promoted motility. Inhibition of ROCK by Y27632 suppressed the c-FLIPL-promoted motility by reducing phosphorylation of FAK and ERK. Overexpression of c-FLIPL increased the expression and secretion of MMP-9, and inhibition of MMP-9 by Ilomastat reduced c-FLIPL- promoted cell motility. A caspase-like domain (amino acids 222-376) was found to be necessary for the c-FLIPL-promoted cell motility. We conclude that c-FLIPL promotes the motility of HeLa cells by activating FAK and ERK, and increasing MMP-9 expression.