Pediatric multidetector computed tomography using tube current modulation and a patient image gallery.Acta Radiol. 2008 May; 49(4):475-83.AR
Dose reduction is crucial in pediatric multidetector computed tomography (MDCT).
To perform pediatric 16-slice MDCT using tube current modulations and to adjust prospectively the tube current using a patient image gallery (IG) providing simulated dose-reduced protocols; and to evaluate and compare the image quality of the IG and the clinical MDCT.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
30 examinations (thorax, n = 15; abdomen, n = 8; pelvis, n = 7) in 20 patients (nine male, age 8.05 +/- 7.33 years, weight 29.8 +/- 24.02 kg) were performed according to an IG on a 16-slice MDCT with additional use of online tube current modulation (CARE Dose). Three radiologists visually assessed image quality from the IG and actual 16-slice MDCT scans. For objective analysis, image noise was determined.
Statistical analysis showed moderate concordance in objective (K = 0.68-0.78) and subjective (K = 0.33-0.64) image assessment between the IG and clinical 16-slice MDCT scans. Depending on the weight group and clinical question, no or only minor dose reductions in the chest, but moderate to considerable reductions in the abdominal/pelvic 16-slice MDCT scans compared to previously used pediatric protocols were achieved. Extra dose reduction was achieved due to additional use of CARE Dose depending on age group and scan region (mean 8.6-23.9%).
The IG enabled us to prospectively reduce the tube current and adapt the required image quality to the clinical question. Additional dose reduction was achieved with application of CARE Dose; nevertheless, the images are comparable to the simulated images of the IG.