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APOE epsilon 4 lowers age at onset and is a high risk factor for Alzheimer's disease; a case control study from central Norway.
BMC Neurol. 2008 Apr 16; 8:9.BN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The objective of this study was to analyze factors influencing the risk and timing of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in central Norway. The APOE epsilon4 allele is the only consistently identified risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). We have described the allele frequencies of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) in a large population of patients with AD compared to the frequencies in a cognitively-normal control group, and estimated the effect of the APOE epsilon4 allele on the risk and the age at onset of AD in this population.

METHODS

376 patients diagnosed with AD and 561 cognitively-normal control individuals with no known first degree relatives with dementia were genotyped for the APOE alleles. Allele frequencies and genotypes in patients and control individuals were compared. Odds Ratio for developing AD in different genotypes was calculated.

RESULTS

Odds Ratio (OR) for developing AD was significantly increased in carriers of the APOE epsilon4 allele compared to individuals with the APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 genotype. Individuals carrying APOE epsilon4/epsilon4 had OR of 12.9 for developing AD, while carriers of APOE epsilon2/epsilon4 and APOE epsilon3/epsilon4 had OR of 3.2 and 4.2 respectively. The effect of the APOE epsilon4 allele was weaker with increasing age. Carrying the APOE epsilon2 allele showed no significant protective effect against AD and did not influence age at onset of the disease. Onset in LOAD patients was significantly reduced in a dose dependent manner from 78.4 years in patients without the APOE epsilon4 allele, to 75.3 in carriers of one APOE epsilon4 allele and 72.9 in carriers of two APOE epsilon4 alleles. Age at onset in early onset AD (EOAD) was not influenced by APOE epsilon4 alleles.

CONCLUSION

APOE epsilon4 is a very strong risk factor for AD in the population of central Norway, and lowers age at onset of LOAD significantly.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. sigrid.b.sando@ntnu.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18416843

Citation

Sando, Sigrid B., et al. "APOE Epsilon 4 Lowers Age at Onset and Is a High Risk Factor for Alzheimer's Disease; a Case Control Study From Central Norway." BMC Neurology, vol. 8, 2008, p. 9.
Sando SB, Melquist S, Cannon A, et al. APOE epsilon 4 lowers age at onset and is a high risk factor for Alzheimer's disease; a case control study from central Norway. BMC Neurol. 2008;8:9.
Sando, S. B., Melquist, S., Cannon, A., Hutton, M. L., Sletvold, O., Saltvedt, I., White, L. R., Lydersen, S., & Aasly, J. O. (2008). APOE epsilon 4 lowers age at onset and is a high risk factor for Alzheimer's disease; a case control study from central Norway. BMC Neurology, 8, 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2377-8-9
Sando SB, et al. APOE Epsilon 4 Lowers Age at Onset and Is a High Risk Factor for Alzheimer's Disease; a Case Control Study From Central Norway. BMC Neurol. 2008 Apr 16;8:9. PubMed PMID: 18416843.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - APOE epsilon 4 lowers age at onset and is a high risk factor for Alzheimer's disease; a case control study from central Norway. AU - Sando,Sigrid B, AU - Melquist,Stacey, AU - Cannon,Ashley, AU - Hutton,Michael L, AU - Sletvold,Olav, AU - Saltvedt,Ingvild, AU - White,Linda R, AU - Lydersen,Stian, AU - Aasly,Jan O, Y1 - 2008/04/16/ PY - 2008/03/05/received PY - 2008/04/16/accepted PY - 2008/4/18/pubmed PY - 2008/9/25/medline PY - 2008/4/18/entrez SP - 9 EP - 9 JF - BMC neurology JO - BMC Neurol VL - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze factors influencing the risk and timing of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in central Norway. The APOE epsilon4 allele is the only consistently identified risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). We have described the allele frequencies of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) in a large population of patients with AD compared to the frequencies in a cognitively-normal control group, and estimated the effect of the APOE epsilon4 allele on the risk and the age at onset of AD in this population. METHODS: 376 patients diagnosed with AD and 561 cognitively-normal control individuals with no known first degree relatives with dementia were genotyped for the APOE alleles. Allele frequencies and genotypes in patients and control individuals were compared. Odds Ratio for developing AD in different genotypes was calculated. RESULTS: Odds Ratio (OR) for developing AD was significantly increased in carriers of the APOE epsilon4 allele compared to individuals with the APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 genotype. Individuals carrying APOE epsilon4/epsilon4 had OR of 12.9 for developing AD, while carriers of APOE epsilon2/epsilon4 and APOE epsilon3/epsilon4 had OR of 3.2 and 4.2 respectively. The effect of the APOE epsilon4 allele was weaker with increasing age. Carrying the APOE epsilon2 allele showed no significant protective effect against AD and did not influence age at onset of the disease. Onset in LOAD patients was significantly reduced in a dose dependent manner from 78.4 years in patients without the APOE epsilon4 allele, to 75.3 in carriers of one APOE epsilon4 allele and 72.9 in carriers of two APOE epsilon4 alleles. Age at onset in early onset AD (EOAD) was not influenced by APOE epsilon4 alleles. CONCLUSION: APOE epsilon4 is a very strong risk factor for AD in the population of central Norway, and lowers age at onset of LOAD significantly. SN - 1471-2377 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18416843/APOE_epsilon_4_lowers_age_at_onset_and_is_a_high_risk_factor_for_Alzheimer's_disease L2 - https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2377-8-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -