Novel links between the long pentraxin 3, endothelial dysfunction, and albuminuria in early and advanced chronic kidney disease.Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Jul; 3(4):976-85.CJ
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Albuminuria and inflammation predict cardiovascular events. Pentraxin 3, an inflammatory mediator produced by, among others, endothelial cells, may have a role in atherogenesis.
DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS
In 207 Swedish patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease and 79 Turkish patients with type 2 diabetes and proteinuria and normal renal function, whether serum pentraxin 3 levels are associated with albuminuria and endothelial dysfunction was studied.
Patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease and a high degree of albuminuria more often had diabetes and higher levels of pentraxin 3, vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1, and blood pressure. Moreover, pentraxin 3 was independently associated with 24-h urinary albumin excretion. In patients with type 2 diabetes, pentraxin 3 was significantly higher than in control subjects. Patients with type 2 diabetes and more proteinuria had higher pentraxin 3, C-reactive protein, glycosylated hemoglobin, insulin, and homeostasis model assessment index as well as lower flow-mediated dilation and serum albumin. Pentraxin 3 was positively correlated with C-reactive protein, homeostasis model assessment index, and carotid intima-media thickness and negatively with flow-mediated dilation. Pentraxin 3 and glomerular filtration rate were independently associated with 24-h urinary protein excretion. Only pentraxin 3 and proteinuria were significantly and independently associated with flow-mediated dilation.
In two different renal cohorts, one of stage 5 chronic kidney disease and one of type 2 diabetes and normal renal function, pentraxin 3 was independently associated with proteinuria. Moreover, both pentraxin 3 and proteinuria were associated with endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes.