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Salivary cortisol levels in children of low-income women with high depressive symptomatology.
Dev Psychopathol. 2008 Spring; 20(2):423-36.DP

Abstract

Children (N = 324 boys, 315 girls) between the ages of 2.5 and 6 (mean age = 3.63) were identified in a house to house survey in low-income areas (income <20th percentile nationally) of urban Mexico. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale was administered to mothers of all children. Salivary cortisol samples were taken in children as a measure of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system activity at time of arrival (baseline, Time 0), 25 min after arrival (Time 1), and 50 min after arrival (Time 2). Between Time 0 and Time 1, children were administered several cognitive tests. Results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses revealed that higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms were associated with lower baseline cortisol levels in their children (p < .05), while controlling for age, gender, and time since awakening. Higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms were associated with less of an increase in salivary cortisol to the arrival of the experimenters and subsequent cognitive testing (p < .05). All results were moderated by gender, with enhanced cortisol response in girls and no response in boys. These results suggest that among very low-income families, high maternal depressive symptoms are associated with hypoactivity of the HPA system in children, particularly boys.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of California, Berkeley, 50 University Hall, MC 7360, Berkeley, CA94720-7360, USA. fernald@berkeley.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18423087

Citation

Fernald, Lia C H., et al. "Salivary Cortisol Levels in Children of Low-income Women With High Depressive Symptomatology." Development and Psychopathology, vol. 20, no. 2, 2008, pp. 423-36.
Fernald LC, Burke HM, Gunnar MR. Salivary cortisol levels in children of low-income women with high depressive symptomatology. Dev Psychopathol. 2008;20(2):423-36.
Fernald, L. C., Burke, H. M., & Gunnar, M. R. (2008). Salivary cortisol levels in children of low-income women with high depressive symptomatology. Development and Psychopathology, 20(2), 423-36. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579408000205
Fernald LC, Burke HM, Gunnar MR. Salivary Cortisol Levels in Children of Low-income Women With High Depressive Symptomatology. Dev Psychopathol. 2008;20(2):423-36. PubMed PMID: 18423087.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Salivary cortisol levels in children of low-income women with high depressive symptomatology. AU - Fernald,Lia C H, AU - Burke,Heather M, AU - Gunnar,Megan R, PY - 2008/4/22/pubmed PY - 2008/8/23/medline PY - 2008/4/22/entrez SP - 423 EP - 36 JF - Development and psychopathology JO - Dev Psychopathol VL - 20 IS - 2 N2 - Children (N = 324 boys, 315 girls) between the ages of 2.5 and 6 (mean age = 3.63) were identified in a house to house survey in low-income areas (income <20th percentile nationally) of urban Mexico. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale was administered to mothers of all children. Salivary cortisol samples were taken in children as a measure of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system activity at time of arrival (baseline, Time 0), 25 min after arrival (Time 1), and 50 min after arrival (Time 2). Between Time 0 and Time 1, children were administered several cognitive tests. Results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses revealed that higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms were associated with lower baseline cortisol levels in their children (p < .05), while controlling for age, gender, and time since awakening. Higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms were associated with less of an increase in salivary cortisol to the arrival of the experimenters and subsequent cognitive testing (p < .05). All results were moderated by gender, with enhanced cortisol response in girls and no response in boys. These results suggest that among very low-income families, high maternal depressive symptoms are associated with hypoactivity of the HPA system in children, particularly boys. SN - 1469-2198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18423087/Salivary_cortisol_levels_in_children_of_low_income_women_with_high_depressive_symptomatology_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0954579408000205/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -