Preparation and evaluation of taste masked famotidine formulation using drug/beta-cyclodextrin/polymer ternary complexation approach.AAPS PharmSciTech. 2008; 9(2):544-50.AP
The main aim of the present study was to evaluate potential of ternary complexation (comprising of drug, cyclodextrin and polymer) as an approach for taste masking. For this purpose famotidine with property of bitter taste was selected as a model drug. Improvement in taste masking capability of cyclodextrin towards famotidine was evaluated by formulating a ternary complex including hydrophilic polymer hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC 5 cps) as the third component. Phase solubility analysis at 25 degrees C was carried out for both the binary systems (viz. drug-cyclodextrin and drug-polymer) and the ternary system (drug-cyclodextrin-polymer). Ternary complex was prepared using solution method and was further characterized using XRD, DSC, FT-IR and microscopic studies. In vitro dissolution study was carried out to see the effect of ternary complexation on drug release. Taste perception study was carried out on human volunteers to evaluate the taste masking ability of ternary complexation. Results obtained from phase solubility analysis showed that the combined use of polymer and cyclodextrin effectively increased the stability constant of the complex [from 538 M(-1) for binary system to 15,096 M(-1) for ternary system]. Ternary system showed effective taste masking as compared to binary complex and at the same time showed no limiting effect on the drug release (D.E(15min) = 90%). The effective taste masking was attributed to the enhanced complexation of famotidine in ternary system compared to binary system and the same was confirmed from the characterization studies. In conclusion, the study confirmed that ternary complexation can be utilized as an alternative approach for effective taste masking.