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Increase in chronic or recurrent rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema among schoolchildren in Greece: three surveys during 1991-2003.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009 Mar; 20(2):180-6.PA

Abstract

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis, hay fever and eczema has risen worldwide during the last four decades but may have reached a plateau in some westernized societies. We examined time trends in the prevalence of childhood chronic or recurrent rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in urban Greece. Using identical methodology, three population-based cross-sectional parental questionnaire surveys on current (last two years) and lifetime allergic symptoms of the nose, eyes and skin were performed among 8-10-yr-old children in 1991, 1998 and 2003 in Patras, Greece. Exactly 2417, 3006 and 2725 questionnaires were completed in 1991, 1998 and 2003, respectively. Prevalence rates of current (lifetime) symptoms of chronic or recurrent rhinitis were 5.1% (6.0%) for 1991, 6.5% (8.0%) for 1998 and 8.0% (9.8%) for 2003. Respective values for rhinoconjunctivitis were 1.8% (2.1%), 2.7% (3.4%) and 3.6% (4.6%) and for eczema 2.5% (4.5%), 3.4% (6.3%) and 5.0% (9.5%) (p for trend <0.001). Among current asthmatics there was an increase in lifetime rhinitis (p = 0.038), current (p = 0.025) and lifetime rhinoconjunctivitis (p = 0.007) and current (p = 0.001) and lifetime eczema (p < 0.001); male predominance increased throughout the study. The proportion of atopic asthma (current asthma with chronic or recurrent rhinitis and/or rhinoconjunctivitis and/or eczema) increased during the same period (p < 0.001). In conclusion, there is a continuous increase in the prevalence of allergic manifestations among preadolescent children in Patras, Greece during the period 1991-2003. In our population, boys have contributed to this increase more than girls and the increase of atopy is, at least partially, responsible for the increase of asthma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Respiratory Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Patras, Rio-Patras, Greece. manthra@otenet.grNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18433422

Citation

Anthracopoulos, Michael B., et al. "Increase in Chronic or Recurrent Rhinitis, Rhinoconjunctivitis and Eczema Among Schoolchildren in Greece: Three Surveys During 1991-2003." Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. 20, no. 2, 2009, pp. 180-6.
Anthracopoulos MB, Antonogeorgos G, Liolios E, et al. Increase in chronic or recurrent rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema among schoolchildren in Greece: three surveys during 1991-2003. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009;20(2):180-6.
Anthracopoulos, M. B., Antonogeorgos, G., Liolios, E., Triga, M., Panagiotopoulou, E., & Priftis, K. N. (2009). Increase in chronic or recurrent rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema among schoolchildren in Greece: three surveys during 1991-2003. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 20(2), 180-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2008.00752.x
Anthracopoulos MB, et al. Increase in Chronic or Recurrent Rhinitis, Rhinoconjunctivitis and Eczema Among Schoolchildren in Greece: Three Surveys During 1991-2003. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2009;20(2):180-6. PubMed PMID: 18433422.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Increase in chronic or recurrent rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema among schoolchildren in Greece: three surveys during 1991-2003. AU - Anthracopoulos,Michael B, AU - Antonogeorgos,George, AU - Liolios,Evangelos, AU - Triga,Maria, AU - Panagiotopoulou,Eugenia, AU - Priftis,Kostas N, Y1 - 2008/04/21/ PY - 2008/4/25/pubmed PY - 2009/11/13/medline PY - 2008/4/25/entrez SP - 180 EP - 6 JF - Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology JO - Pediatr Allergy Immunol VL - 20 IS - 2 N2 - The prevalence of allergic rhinitis, hay fever and eczema has risen worldwide during the last four decades but may have reached a plateau in some westernized societies. We examined time trends in the prevalence of childhood chronic or recurrent rhinitis, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in urban Greece. Using identical methodology, three population-based cross-sectional parental questionnaire surveys on current (last two years) and lifetime allergic symptoms of the nose, eyes and skin were performed among 8-10-yr-old children in 1991, 1998 and 2003 in Patras, Greece. Exactly 2417, 3006 and 2725 questionnaires were completed in 1991, 1998 and 2003, respectively. Prevalence rates of current (lifetime) symptoms of chronic or recurrent rhinitis were 5.1% (6.0%) for 1991, 6.5% (8.0%) for 1998 and 8.0% (9.8%) for 2003. Respective values for rhinoconjunctivitis were 1.8% (2.1%), 2.7% (3.4%) and 3.6% (4.6%) and for eczema 2.5% (4.5%), 3.4% (6.3%) and 5.0% (9.5%) (p for trend <0.001). Among current asthmatics there was an increase in lifetime rhinitis (p = 0.038), current (p = 0.025) and lifetime rhinoconjunctivitis (p = 0.007) and current (p = 0.001) and lifetime eczema (p < 0.001); male predominance increased throughout the study. The proportion of atopic asthma (current asthma with chronic or recurrent rhinitis and/or rhinoconjunctivitis and/or eczema) increased during the same period (p < 0.001). In conclusion, there is a continuous increase in the prevalence of allergic manifestations among preadolescent children in Patras, Greece during the period 1991-2003. In our population, boys have contributed to this increase more than girls and the increase of atopy is, at least partially, responsible for the increase of asthma. SN - 1399-3038 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18433422/Increase_in_chronic_or_recurrent_rhinitis_rhinoconjunctivitis_and_eczema_among_schoolchildren_in_Greece:_three_surveys_during_1991_2003_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2008.00752.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -