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Metabolic syndrome and self-reported history of kidney stones: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988-1994.
Am J Kidney Dis 2008; 51(5):741-7AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Metabolic syndrome affects approximately 25% of the American population. Components of metabolic syndrome, such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, were associated with kidney stone disease, but no published large-scale study examined the association between metabolic syndrome and history of kidney stones.

STUDY DESIGN

Cross-sectional analysis. The American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute statement on metabolic syndrome was used to define metabolic syndrome.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS

A national probability sample of the US population National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey aged 20 years and older.

PREDICTOR

Metabolic syndrome as defined by the American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS

Self-reported history of kidney stones.

RESULTS

Of all adults older than 20 years, 4.7% reported a history of kidney stones. The prevalence of self-reported history of kidney stones increased with the number of metabolic syndrome traits from 3% with 0 traits to 7.5% with 3 traits to 9.8% with 5 traits. After adjustment for age and other covariates, the presence of 2 or more traits significantly increased the odds of self-reported kidney stone disease. The presence of 4 or more traits was associated with an approximate 2-fold increase in odds of self-reported kidney stone disease.

LIMITATIONS

Cross-sectional design, absence of dietary data.

CONCLUSION

Metabolic syndrome traits are associated with a self-reported history of kidney stones. This association should be verified in prospective studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nephrology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. bradfordw9@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18436084

Citation

West, Bradford, et al. "Metabolic Syndrome and Self-reported History of Kidney Stones: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988-1994." American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation, vol. 51, no. 5, 2008, pp. 741-7.
West B, Luke A, Durazo-Arvizu RA, et al. Metabolic syndrome and self-reported history of kidney stones: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988-1994. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;51(5):741-7.
West, B., Luke, A., Durazo-Arvizu, R. A., Cao, G., Shoham, D., & Kramer, H. (2008). Metabolic syndrome and self-reported history of kidney stones: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988-1994. American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation, 51(5), pp. 741-7. doi:10.1053/j.ajkd.2007.12.030.
West B, et al. Metabolic Syndrome and Self-reported History of Kidney Stones: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988-1994. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008;51(5):741-7. PubMed PMID: 18436084.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Metabolic syndrome and self-reported history of kidney stones: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) 1988-1994. AU - West,Bradford, AU - Luke,Amy, AU - Durazo-Arvizu,Ramon A, AU - Cao,Guichan, AU - Shoham,David, AU - Kramer,Holly, Y1 - 2008/03/20/ PY - 2007/07/02/received PY - 2007/12/11/accepted PY - 2008/4/26/pubmed PY - 2008/5/16/medline PY - 2008/4/26/entrez SP - 741 EP - 7 JF - American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation JO - Am. J. Kidney Dis. VL - 51 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome affects approximately 25% of the American population. Components of metabolic syndrome, such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, were associated with kidney stone disease, but no published large-scale study examined the association between metabolic syndrome and history of kidney stones. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. The American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute statement on metabolic syndrome was used to define metabolic syndrome. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: A national probability sample of the US population National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey aged 20 years and older. PREDICTOR: Metabolic syndrome as defined by the American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Self-reported history of kidney stones. RESULTS: Of all adults older than 20 years, 4.7% reported a history of kidney stones. The prevalence of self-reported history of kidney stones increased with the number of metabolic syndrome traits from 3% with 0 traits to 7.5% with 3 traits to 9.8% with 5 traits. After adjustment for age and other covariates, the presence of 2 or more traits significantly increased the odds of self-reported kidney stone disease. The presence of 4 or more traits was associated with an approximate 2-fold increase in odds of self-reported kidney stone disease. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional design, absence of dietary data. CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome traits are associated with a self-reported history of kidney stones. This association should be verified in prospective studies. SN - 1523-6838 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18436084/Metabolic_syndrome_and_self_reported_history_of_kidney_stones:_the_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey__NHANES_III__1988_1994_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0272-6386(08)00062-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -