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Pseudomonas-associated discospondylitis in a two-month-old llama.
J Vet Diagn Invest. 2008 May; 20(3):349-52.JV

Abstract

A 2-month-old female llama with a history of tetraparesis was presented for necropsy. This cria was apparently normal until it became ataxic during its second week of life. It had diminished flexor reflexes of the left forelimb and both hind limbs. Hematology and serum biochemistry revealed neutrophilia, elevated alkaline phosphatase, elevated phosphorus, and modest hyperglycemia. Radiography of the cervical spine demonstrated an abnormal C3-C4 intervertebral disc and bony proliferation of the vertebral end plates. The llama was treated with antibiotics and corticosteroids but failed to respond. Postmortem examination revealed cervical intervertebral disc disease and vertebral exostosis. Microscopically, there was necrosis of intervertebral connective tissue and focal malacia of the spinal cord. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from the intervertebral disc space and from cerebrospinal fluid. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of Pseudomonas-associated discospondylitis in a llama.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Connecticut, Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, Storrs, CT 06269-3089, USA. radhakrishna.sura@uconn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18460625

Citation

Sura, Radhakrishna, et al. "Pseudomonas-associated Discospondylitis in a Two-month-old Llama." Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation : Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc, vol. 20, no. 3, 2008, pp. 349-52.
Sura R, Creden A, Van Kruiningen HJ. Pseudomonas-associated discospondylitis in a two-month-old llama. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2008;20(3):349-52.
Sura, R., Creden, A., & Van Kruiningen, H. J. (2008). Pseudomonas-associated discospondylitis in a two-month-old llama. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation : Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc, 20(3), 349-52.
Sura R, Creden A, Van Kruiningen HJ. Pseudomonas-associated Discospondylitis in a Two-month-old Llama. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2008;20(3):349-52. PubMed PMID: 18460625.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pseudomonas-associated discospondylitis in a two-month-old llama. AU - Sura,Radhakrishna, AU - Creden,Anne, AU - Van Kruiningen,Herbert J, PY - 2008/5/8/pubmed PY - 2008/10/29/medline PY - 2008/5/8/entrez SP - 349 EP - 52 JF - Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc JO - J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. VL - 20 IS - 3 N2 - A 2-month-old female llama with a history of tetraparesis was presented for necropsy. This cria was apparently normal until it became ataxic during its second week of life. It had diminished flexor reflexes of the left forelimb and both hind limbs. Hematology and serum biochemistry revealed neutrophilia, elevated alkaline phosphatase, elevated phosphorus, and modest hyperglycemia. Radiography of the cervical spine demonstrated an abnormal C3-C4 intervertebral disc and bony proliferation of the vertebral end plates. The llama was treated with antibiotics and corticosteroids but failed to respond. Postmortem examination revealed cervical intervertebral disc disease and vertebral exostosis. Microscopically, there was necrosis of intervertebral connective tissue and focal malacia of the spinal cord. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from the intervertebral disc space and from cerebrospinal fluid. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of Pseudomonas-associated discospondylitis in a llama. SN - 1040-6387 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18460625/Pseudomonas_associated_discospondylitis_in_a_two_month_old_llama_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/104063870802000316?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -