Effect of antibiotic therapy on interleukin-6 in fresh semen and postmasturbation urine samples of patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.Urology. 2008 Aug; 72(2):336-9.U
To investigate the effect of antibiotic therapy on interleukin (IL)-6 in fresh semen and postmasturbation urine samples of patients with chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).
A total of 128 patients with CP/CPPS prospectively underwent the evaluation of IL-6 in fresh semen and postmasturbation urine samples. At 6 weeks after 4 weeks antibiotic therapy, the IL-6 levels were re-evaluated.
Of the 128 patients, 109 (85.2%) were available for our analysis. Of the 109 patients, 72 (66.1%) met the criteria for National Institutes of Health (NIH) classification for inflammatory CP/CPPS (type IIIa) and 37 (33.9%) met the NIH criteria for noninflammatory CP/CPPS (type IIIb). Before antibiotic therapy, 86 patients (78.9%), irrespective of NIH classification, had an increased IL-6 level in fresh semen; 64 (88.9%) patients with CP/CPPS type IIIa and 22 (59.5%) with type IIIb CP/CPPS had increased IL-6 levels. After 4 weeks of therapy, a significant reduction was found in the IL-6 level, with only 44 (40.4%, P = .009) patients showing an increased IL-6 level: 34 patients with type IIIa (47.2%, P = .0000) and 10 with type IIIb (27.0%, P = .0033). An increased IL-6 level was found in the postmasturbation urine sample in 37 patients (33.9%), irrespective of NIH classification: 28 (38.9%) with type IIIa and 9 (24.3%) with type IIIb. At 6 weeks after therapy, only 3 patients (2.8%, P = .000) had an increased IL-6 level: 2 with type IIIa (2.8%, P = .0000) and 1 with type IIIb (2.7%, P = .02).
The IL-6 levels had decreased significantly after antibiotic therapy in patients with CP/CPPS, suggesting a bacterial inflammatory character. The determination of IL-6 in seminal plasma and postmasturbation urine samples is useful as an addition to the diagnostic test for the patient with CP/CPPS and as an efficacy marker for therapy.