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Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans.
Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 May; 8(5):302-9.LI

Abstract

Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans is caused by the migration of animal hookworm larvae in the human skin. The disease mainly occurs in resource-poor communities in the developing world, but it is also reported sporadically in high-income countries and in tourists who have visited the tropics. Diagnosis is made clinically in the presence of a linear serpiginous track moving forward in the skin, associated with itching and a history of exposure. Itching is typically very intense and can prevent patients from sleeping. Bacterial superinfection occurs as a result of scratching. Treatment is based on oral drugs (albendazole or ivermectin) or the topical application of tiabendazole. To control hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans at the community level, regular treatment of dogs and cats with anthelmintic drugs is necessary, but this is seldom feasible in resource-poor settings. Animals should be banned from beaches and playgrounds. For protection at the individual level, unprotected skin should not come into contact with possibly contaminated soil.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Brazil.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18471775

Citation

Heukelbach, Jörg, and Hermann Feldmeier. "Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Hookworm-related Cutaneous Larva Migrans." The Lancet. Infectious Diseases, vol. 8, no. 5, 2008, pp. 302-9.
Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008;8(5):302-9.
Heukelbach, J., & Feldmeier, H. (2008). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. The Lancet. Infectious Diseases, 8(5), 302-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(08)70098-7
Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H. Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Hookworm-related Cutaneous Larva Migrans. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008;8(5):302-9. PubMed PMID: 18471775.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. AU - Heukelbach,Jörg, AU - Feldmeier,Hermann, PY - 2008/5/13/pubmed PY - 2008/6/11/medline PY - 2008/5/13/entrez SP - 302 EP - 9 JF - The Lancet. Infectious diseases JO - Lancet Infect Dis VL - 8 IS - 5 N2 - Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans is caused by the migration of animal hookworm larvae in the human skin. The disease mainly occurs in resource-poor communities in the developing world, but it is also reported sporadically in high-income countries and in tourists who have visited the tropics. Diagnosis is made clinically in the presence of a linear serpiginous track moving forward in the skin, associated with itching and a history of exposure. Itching is typically very intense and can prevent patients from sleeping. Bacterial superinfection occurs as a result of scratching. Treatment is based on oral drugs (albendazole or ivermectin) or the topical application of tiabendazole. To control hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans at the community level, regular treatment of dogs and cats with anthelmintic drugs is necessary, but this is seldom feasible in resource-poor settings. Animals should be banned from beaches and playgrounds. For protection at the individual level, unprotected skin should not come into contact with possibly contaminated soil. SN - 1473-3099 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18471775/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1473-3099(08)70098-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -