Improvement of the dermal epidermal junction in human reconstructed skin by a new c-xylopyranoside derivative.Eur J Dermatol. 2008 May-Jun; 18(3):297-302.EJ
Skin aging entails drastic changes in the extracellular dermal matrix (ECM) and dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ). These biological alterations are reflected in the clinical signs of aged skin. A new C-xylopyranoside derivative, C-beta-D-xylopyranoside-2-hydroxy-propane (C-Xyloside) has been shown to induce neo-synthesis of matrix proteins such as glycosaminoglycans and heparan sulfate proteoglycans. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of C-Xyloside on markers of the dermal epidermal junction. Basement membrane components, collagen IV, collagen VII and laminin 5 as well as sub-epidermal dermal markers, pro-collagen I and fibrillin 1 were analysed using immunohistochemistry in a reconstructed skin model, including a dermal equivalent populated with living fibroblasts. Levels of mRNA of collagen VII alpha1 and collagen IV alpha1 were evaluated in dermal fibroblasts using RT-PCR. The results showed that C-Xyloside significantly induced a higher deposition of basement membrane and DEJ proteins in the reconstructed skin model and increased collagen VII gene expression. These findings indicate that, in addition to stimulating glycosaminoglycan and heparan sulfate proteoglycan expression, C-Xyloside improves the morphogenesis of the whole DEJ, and strongly suggests beneficial effects in aged skin from restoring DEJ integrity.