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The clinically related predictors of dental fear in Taiwanese children.
Int J Paediatr Dent. 2008 Nov; 18(6):415-22.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Dental fear has been singled out as one of the most troublesome problems facing paediatric dentistry today. Children with dental fear may avoid visiting dentists; therefore, their oral health protection is often compromised. However, the aetiology of dental fear is still not entirely understood.

OBJECTIVE

This study investigated the dental visiting habit, the previous dental experiences, the conditioning pathway, and the clinically related predictors of dental fear in children.

DESIGN

The dental history of 247 children (2-10 years old) was obtained when they came to a dental clinic for treatment. The level of dental fear in these children was assessed using the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS). Observers rated the clinically anxious responses and uncooperative behaviour towards dental treatment in these children. Three stepwise regression analyses were performed to determine significant predictors of CFSS-DS score, clinically anxious responses, and uncooperative behaviour of children, respectively.

RESULTS

We found that the CFSS-DS score and clinical anxiety have different predictors, but age < or = 3.99 years old and cooperativeness in the first dental visit were important predictors for both the CFSS-DS score and the clinical anxiety. Furthermore, the other predictors of the CFSS-DS score were maternal dental fear, unbearable pain during the first dental visit, and visiting dentists in a regular dental clinic; the other predictors of clinical anxiety were first-born, regular dentist, and CFSS-DS score. Finally, the only significant predictor for uncooperative behaviour was clinical anxiety.

CONCLUSION

Children's dental fear and their anxious response during dental treatment were dynamic processes that consisted of many different factors. The direct conditioning of subjective experience of pain was more important than the objective pathway of child dental fear, and the indirect conditioning does not seem influential in this study sample.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate Institute of Dental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100 Shih-chuan 1st Road, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18489574

Citation

Lee, Chen-Yi, et al. "The Clinically Related Predictors of Dental Fear in Taiwanese Children." International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 18, no. 6, 2008, pp. 415-22.
Lee CY, Chang YY, Huang ST. The clinically related predictors of dental fear in Taiwanese children. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2008;18(6):415-22.
Lee, C. Y., Chang, Y. Y., & Huang, S. T. (2008). The clinically related predictors of dental fear in Taiwanese children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 18(6), 415-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-263X.2008.00924.x
Lee CY, Chang YY, Huang ST. The Clinically Related Predictors of Dental Fear in Taiwanese Children. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2008;18(6):415-22. PubMed PMID: 18489574.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The clinically related predictors of dental fear in Taiwanese children. AU - Lee,Chen-Yi, AU - Chang,Yong-Yuan, AU - Huang,Shun-Te, Y1 - 2008/05/16/ PY - 2008/5/21/pubmed PY - 2009/3/31/medline PY - 2008/5/21/entrez SP - 415 EP - 22 JF - International journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Int J Paediatr Dent VL - 18 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Dental fear has been singled out as one of the most troublesome problems facing paediatric dentistry today. Children with dental fear may avoid visiting dentists; therefore, their oral health protection is often compromised. However, the aetiology of dental fear is still not entirely understood. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the dental visiting habit, the previous dental experiences, the conditioning pathway, and the clinically related predictors of dental fear in children. DESIGN: The dental history of 247 children (2-10 years old) was obtained when they came to a dental clinic for treatment. The level of dental fear in these children was assessed using the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS). Observers rated the clinically anxious responses and uncooperative behaviour towards dental treatment in these children. Three stepwise regression analyses were performed to determine significant predictors of CFSS-DS score, clinically anxious responses, and uncooperative behaviour of children, respectively. RESULTS: We found that the CFSS-DS score and clinical anxiety have different predictors, but age < or = 3.99 years old and cooperativeness in the first dental visit were important predictors for both the CFSS-DS score and the clinical anxiety. Furthermore, the other predictors of the CFSS-DS score were maternal dental fear, unbearable pain during the first dental visit, and visiting dentists in a regular dental clinic; the other predictors of clinical anxiety were first-born, regular dentist, and CFSS-DS score. Finally, the only significant predictor for uncooperative behaviour was clinical anxiety. CONCLUSION: Children's dental fear and their anxious response during dental treatment were dynamic processes that consisted of many different factors. The direct conditioning of subjective experience of pain was more important than the objective pathway of child dental fear, and the indirect conditioning does not seem influential in this study sample. SN - 1365-263X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18489574/The_clinically_related_predictors_of_dental_fear_in_Taiwanese_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-263X.2008.00924.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -