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Comparisons of different instruments to measure blues and to predict depressive symptoms 2 months postpartum: a study of new mothers and fathers.
Scand J Caring Sci. 2008 Jun; 22(2):186-95.SJ

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate 'blues' during the first week postpartum in new mothers and fathers and to compare different instruments for measuring blues, as well as their ability to predict depressive symptoms at 2 months. Parents were informed while at the maternity clinic about the study and asked to independently answer questions for 5 days during the first week on the Blues Questionnaire, a VAS questionnaire and on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 1 week and 2 months. Of the parents who initially agreed to participate in the study 171 (38%) of the mothers and 133 (31%) of the fathers returned all questionnaires completely filled-out after the first week, and of these, 155 mothers and 113 fathers also completed the EPDS at 2 months. The results showed that mothers experienced more blues than fathers, and that mothers' blues peaked on day 3, while fathers' peaked on day 1 after the delivery-day. The Blues Questionnaire and the VAS subscale 'depressed mood' identified more women as having blues (64% and 52%, respectively) during the first week over the EPDS (24%), but the EPDS identified women with the highest scores on the Blues Questionnaire. At 2 months, 19 (12%) of the mothers, and one father scored 10 or more on the EPDS. All these women, except for one, had experienced severe blues according to the Blues Questionnaire, the first week. Regression analyses showed that the Blues Questionnaire subscale 'depression' was the best predictor for a high EPDS score at 2 months in mothers, while the subscales 'primary blues', 'hypersensitivity' and 'despondency' best predicted depressive symptoms in fathers. Our results indicate that the EPDS could be a valuable instrument to measure 'blues', as EPDS seemed to indicate women with the highest risk for depressive symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurobiology, Health Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden. maigun.edhborg@ki.se

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18489688

Citation

Edhborg, Maigun. "Comparisons of Different Instruments to Measure Blues and to Predict Depressive Symptoms 2 Months Postpartum: a Study of New Mothers and Fathers." Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, vol. 22, no. 2, 2008, pp. 186-95.
Edhborg M. Comparisons of different instruments to measure blues and to predict depressive symptoms 2 months postpartum: a study of new mothers and fathers. Scand J Caring Sci. 2008;22(2):186-95.
Edhborg, M. (2008). Comparisons of different instruments to measure blues and to predict depressive symptoms 2 months postpartum: a study of new mothers and fathers. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 22(2), 186-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2007.00512.x
Edhborg M. Comparisons of Different Instruments to Measure Blues and to Predict Depressive Symptoms 2 Months Postpartum: a Study of New Mothers and Fathers. Scand J Caring Sci. 2008;22(2):186-95. PubMed PMID: 18489688.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparisons of different instruments to measure blues and to predict depressive symptoms 2 months postpartum: a study of new mothers and fathers. A1 - Edhborg,Maigun, PY - 2008/5/21/pubmed PY - 2008/8/12/medline PY - 2008/5/21/entrez SP - 186 EP - 95 JF - Scandinavian journal of caring sciences JO - Scand J Caring Sci VL - 22 IS - 2 N2 - The aim of the study was to investigate 'blues' during the first week postpartum in new mothers and fathers and to compare different instruments for measuring blues, as well as their ability to predict depressive symptoms at 2 months. Parents were informed while at the maternity clinic about the study and asked to independently answer questions for 5 days during the first week on the Blues Questionnaire, a VAS questionnaire and on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 1 week and 2 months. Of the parents who initially agreed to participate in the study 171 (38%) of the mothers and 133 (31%) of the fathers returned all questionnaires completely filled-out after the first week, and of these, 155 mothers and 113 fathers also completed the EPDS at 2 months. The results showed that mothers experienced more blues than fathers, and that mothers' blues peaked on day 3, while fathers' peaked on day 1 after the delivery-day. The Blues Questionnaire and the VAS subscale 'depressed mood' identified more women as having blues (64% and 52%, respectively) during the first week over the EPDS (24%), but the EPDS identified women with the highest scores on the Blues Questionnaire. At 2 months, 19 (12%) of the mothers, and one father scored 10 or more on the EPDS. All these women, except for one, had experienced severe blues according to the Blues Questionnaire, the first week. Regression analyses showed that the Blues Questionnaire subscale 'depression' was the best predictor for a high EPDS score at 2 months in mothers, while the subscales 'primary blues', 'hypersensitivity' and 'despondency' best predicted depressive symptoms in fathers. Our results indicate that the EPDS could be a valuable instrument to measure 'blues', as EPDS seemed to indicate women with the highest risk for depressive symptoms. SN - 1471-6712 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18489688/Comparisons_of_different_instruments_to_measure_blues_and_to_predict_depressive_symptoms_2_months_postpartum:_a_study_of_new_mothers_and_fathers_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2007.00512.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -