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Anthropometric indices and their relationship with cardiometabolic risk factors in a sample of Turkish adults.
Public Health Nutr. 2009 Apr; 12(4):538-46.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To identify the best anthropometric index that predicts cardiometabolic risk factors.Design and settingCross-sectional study in Turkey, in 2003.

SUBJECTS

Turkish men and women aged 18 years and over (n 1692) were examined. Body weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, TAG, glucose and insulin were measured. Metabolic syndrome score was calculated as the sum of modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, excluding waist circumference. Insulin resistance was estimated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR).

RESULTS

BMI, waist:hip ratio (WHpR), waist:height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) were significantly correlated with each other. Partial correlation coefficients between systolic blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, TAG levels or HOMA-IR and BMI, WC or WHtR were similar and higher than correlation coefficients of WHpR and HC. The association of anthropometric indices with metabolic syndrome score and Framingham risk score was highest for WHtR. Areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that WHtR was the best anthropometric index that discriminated between the presence and absence of hypertension, diabetes and metabolic syndrome, whereas WHpR was better for dyslipidaemia.

CONCLUSIONS

WHtR was the best anthropometric index for predicting most cardiometabolic risk factors. WC and BMI ranked second for their predictive capability of cardiometabolic risk, followed by WHpR and HC.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Istanbul Science University, Faculty of Medicine, Sişli, Istanbul, Turkey. selcukcan@endokrinoloji.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18489811

Citation

Can, Ahmet Selcuk, et al. "Anthropometric Indices and Their Relationship With Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in a Sample of Turkish Adults." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 4, 2009, pp. 538-46.
Can AS, Bersot TP, Gönen M, et al. Anthropometric indices and their relationship with cardiometabolic risk factors in a sample of Turkish adults. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(4):538-46.
Can, A. S., Bersot, T. P., Gönen, M., Pekcan, G., Rakıcıoğlu, N., Samur, G., & Yıldız, E. A. (2009). Anthropometric indices and their relationship with cardiometabolic risk factors in a sample of Turkish adults. Public Health Nutrition, 12(4), 538-46. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980008002474
Can AS, et al. Anthropometric Indices and Their Relationship With Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in a Sample of Turkish Adults. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(4):538-46. PubMed PMID: 18489811.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anthropometric indices and their relationship with cardiometabolic risk factors in a sample of Turkish adults. AU - Can,Ahmet Selcuk, AU - Bersot,Thomas P, AU - Gönen,Mithat, AU - Pekcan,Gülden, AU - Rakıcıoğlu,Neslişah, AU - Samur,Gülhan, AU - Yıldız,Emine Akal, Y1 - 2008/05/19/ PY - 2008/5/21/pubmed PY - 2009/5/9/medline PY - 2008/5/21/entrez SP - 538 EP - 46 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To identify the best anthropometric index that predicts cardiometabolic risk factors.Design and settingCross-sectional study in Turkey, in 2003. SUBJECTS: Turkish men and women aged 18 years and over (n 1692) were examined. Body weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, TAG, glucose and insulin were measured. Metabolic syndrome score was calculated as the sum of modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, excluding waist circumference. Insulin resistance was estimated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). RESULTS: BMI, waist:hip ratio (WHpR), waist:height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC) were significantly correlated with each other. Partial correlation coefficients between systolic blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, TAG levels or HOMA-IR and BMI, WC or WHtR were similar and higher than correlation coefficients of WHpR and HC. The association of anthropometric indices with metabolic syndrome score and Framingham risk score was highest for WHtR. Areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that WHtR was the best anthropometric index that discriminated between the presence and absence of hypertension, diabetes and metabolic syndrome, whereas WHpR was better for dyslipidaemia. CONCLUSIONS: WHtR was the best anthropometric index for predicting most cardiometabolic risk factors. WC and BMI ranked second for their predictive capability of cardiometabolic risk, followed by WHpR and HC. SN - 1368-9800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18489811/Anthropometric_indices_and_their_relationship_with_cardiometabolic_risk_factors_in_a_sample_of_Turkish_adults_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980008002474/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -