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Diet and serum lipids in vegan vegetarians: a model for risk reduction.
J Am Diet Assoc. 1991 Apr; 91(4):447-53.JA

Abstract

The lipid levels and dietary habits of 31 Seventh-Day Adventist vegan vegetarians (aged 5 to 46 years) who consume no animal products were assessed. Mean serum total cholesterol (3.4 mmol/L), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (1.8 mmol/L), and triglyceride (0.8 mmol/L) levels were lower than expected values derived from the Lipid Research Clinics Population Studies prevalence data. Mean high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (1.3 mmol/L) was comparable to expected values. Analysis of quantitative food frequency data showed that vegans had a significantly lower daily intake of total energy, percentage of energy from fat (31% vs 38%), total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol, and protein and a significantly higher intake of fiber than a sample of matched omnivore controls. Vegans' food intake was also compared with expected values, matched for sex and age, derived from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 24-hour recall data. The vegan diet was characterized by increased consumption of almonds, cashews, and their nut butters; dried fruits; citrus fruits; soy milk; and greens. We conclude from the present study that a strict vegan diet, which is typically very low in saturated fat and dietary cholesterol and high in fiber, can help children and adults maintain or achieve desirable blood lipid levels.

Authors+Show Affiliations

American Health Foundation, New York, NY 10017.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1849932

Citation

Resnicow, K, et al. "Diet and Serum Lipids in Vegan Vegetarians: a Model for Risk Reduction." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 91, no. 4, 1991, pp. 447-53.
Resnicow K, Barone J, Engle A, et al. Diet and serum lipids in vegan vegetarians: a model for risk reduction. J Am Diet Assoc. 1991;91(4):447-53.
Resnicow, K., Barone, J., Engle, A., Miller, S., Haley, N. J., Fleming, D., & Wynder, E. (1991). Diet and serum lipids in vegan vegetarians: a model for risk reduction. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 91(4), 447-53.
Resnicow K, et al. Diet and Serum Lipids in Vegan Vegetarians: a Model for Risk Reduction. J Am Diet Assoc. 1991;91(4):447-53. PubMed PMID: 1849932.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet and serum lipids in vegan vegetarians: a model for risk reduction. AU - Resnicow,K, AU - Barone,J, AU - Engle,A, AU - Miller,S, AU - Haley,N J, AU - Fleming,D, AU - Wynder,E, PY - 1991/4/1/pubmed PY - 1991/4/1/medline PY - 1991/4/1/entrez SP - 447 EP - 53 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 91 IS - 4 N2 - The lipid levels and dietary habits of 31 Seventh-Day Adventist vegan vegetarians (aged 5 to 46 years) who consume no animal products were assessed. Mean serum total cholesterol (3.4 mmol/L), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (1.8 mmol/L), and triglyceride (0.8 mmol/L) levels were lower than expected values derived from the Lipid Research Clinics Population Studies prevalence data. Mean high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (1.3 mmol/L) was comparable to expected values. Analysis of quantitative food frequency data showed that vegans had a significantly lower daily intake of total energy, percentage of energy from fat (31% vs 38%), total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol, and protein and a significantly higher intake of fiber than a sample of matched omnivore controls. Vegans' food intake was also compared with expected values, matched for sex and age, derived from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals 24-hour recall data. The vegan diet was characterized by increased consumption of almonds, cashews, and their nut butters; dried fruits; citrus fruits; soy milk; and greens. We conclude from the present study that a strict vegan diet, which is typically very low in saturated fat and dietary cholesterol and high in fiber, can help children and adults maintain or achieve desirable blood lipid levels. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1849932/Diet_and_serum_lipids_in_vegan_vegetarians:_a_model_for_risk_reduction_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/vegetariandiet.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -