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Among long-term crack smokers, who avoids and who succumbs to cocaine addiction?
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 Nov 01; 98(1-2):24-9.DA

Abstract

Crack cocaine is a highly addictive drug. To learn more about crack addiction, long-term crack smokers who had never met the DSM-IV criteria for lifetime cocaine dependence were compared with those who had. The study sample consisted of crack users (n=172) from the Dayton, Ohio, area who were interviewed periodically over 8 years. Data were collected on a range of variables including age of crack initiation, frequency of recent use, and lifetime cocaine dependence. Cocaine dependence was common with 62.8% of the sample having experienced it. There were no statistically significant differences between dependent and non-dependent users for age of crack initiation or frequency of crack use. In terms of sociodemographics, only race/ethnicity was significant, with proportionally fewer African-Americans than whites meeting the criteria for cocaine dependence. Controlling for sociodemographics, partial correlation analysis showed positive, statistically significant relationships between lifetime cocaine dependence and anti-social personality disorder, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and lifetime dependence on alcohol, cannabis, amphetamine, sedative-hypnotics, and opioids. These results highlight the importance addressing race/ethnicity and comorbid disorders when developing, implementing, and evaluating interventions targeting people who use crack cocaine. Additional research is needed to better understand the role of race/ethnicity in the development of cocaine dependence resulting from crack use.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Interventions, Treatment & Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine (WSUBSOM), 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA. russel.falck@wright.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18499357

Citation

Falck, Russel S., et al. "Among Long-term Crack Smokers, Who Avoids and Who Succumbs to Cocaine Addiction?" Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 98, no. 1-2, 2008, pp. 24-9.
Falck RS, Wang J, Carlson RG. Among long-term crack smokers, who avoids and who succumbs to cocaine addiction? Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008;98(1-2):24-9.
Falck, R. S., Wang, J., & Carlson, R. G. (2008). Among long-term crack smokers, who avoids and who succumbs to cocaine addiction? Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 98(1-2), 24-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2008.04.004
Falck RS, Wang J, Carlson RG. Among Long-term Crack Smokers, Who Avoids and Who Succumbs to Cocaine Addiction. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 Nov 1;98(1-2):24-9. PubMed PMID: 18499357.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Among long-term crack smokers, who avoids and who succumbs to cocaine addiction? AU - Falck,Russel S, AU - Wang,Jichuan, AU - Carlson,Robert G, Y1 - 2008/05/21/ PY - 2008/01/25/received PY - 2008/03/31/revised PY - 2008/04/01/accepted PY - 2008/5/24/pubmed PY - 2009/1/24/medline PY - 2008/5/24/entrez SP - 24 EP - 9 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 98 IS - 1-2 N2 - Crack cocaine is a highly addictive drug. To learn more about crack addiction, long-term crack smokers who had never met the DSM-IV criteria for lifetime cocaine dependence were compared with those who had. The study sample consisted of crack users (n=172) from the Dayton, Ohio, area who were interviewed periodically over 8 years. Data were collected on a range of variables including age of crack initiation, frequency of recent use, and lifetime cocaine dependence. Cocaine dependence was common with 62.8% of the sample having experienced it. There were no statistically significant differences between dependent and non-dependent users for age of crack initiation or frequency of crack use. In terms of sociodemographics, only race/ethnicity was significant, with proportionally fewer African-Americans than whites meeting the criteria for cocaine dependence. Controlling for sociodemographics, partial correlation analysis showed positive, statistically significant relationships between lifetime cocaine dependence and anti-social personality disorder, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and lifetime dependence on alcohol, cannabis, amphetamine, sedative-hypnotics, and opioids. These results highlight the importance addressing race/ethnicity and comorbid disorders when developing, implementing, and evaluating interventions targeting people who use crack cocaine. Additional research is needed to better understand the role of race/ethnicity in the development of cocaine dependence resulting from crack use. SN - 0376-8716 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18499357/Among_long_term_crack_smokers_who_avoids_and_who_succumbs_to_cocaine_addiction L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(08)00142-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -