Variables influencing drug release from layered matrix system comprising hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.AAPS PharmSciTech. 2008; 9(2):668-74.AP
The purpose of this study was to prepare and evaluate layered matrix tablets of propranolol HCl containing HPMC and phytowax as matrix component using direct compression technique. Layering with this polymeric matrix could prolong the release of drug and shift the release pattern approach to zero order as described from the least square curve fitting. Increasing the amount of coating layer could apparently prolong the drug release. The longer lag time of drug release from one planar apparently when the amount of coating layer was increased. HPMC concentration and compression force did not affect the drug release from this three-layer tablet. The drug release from this three-layer tablet was influenced by hydrodynamic force. An increase in stirring rate was a corresponding increasing in the release rate. From photoimage and SEM, gel mass of HPMC was increased with time during dissolution and covered the core surface, therefore dissolved drug molecules were allowed to diffuse out from the core through the polymer network of gel layer containing the porous structure. This suggested that HPMC and phytowax could be fabricated into the layered matrix tablet exhibiting sustained drug release.