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Randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of an interactive multimedia food safety education program for clients of the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Jun; 108(6):978-84.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Pregnant women and the very young are among those most susceptible to foodborne infections and at high risk of a severe outcome from foodborne infections.

OBJECTIVE

To determine if interactive multimedia is a more effective method than pamphlets for delivering food safety education to Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clients.

DESIGN

A randomized controlled trial of WIC clients was conducted. Self-reported food safety practices were compared between pre- and postintervention questionnaires completed >or=2 months after the intervention.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Pregnant WIC clients or female caregivers (usually mothers) of WIC clients who were 18 years of age or older and able to speak and read English were recruited from an inner-city WIC clinic.

INTERVENTION

Participants were randomized to receive food safety pamphlets or complete an interactive multimedia food safety education program on a computer kiosk.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Change from pre- to postintervention food safety scores.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

A mean food safety score was determined for each participant for the pre- and postintervention questionnaires. The scores were used in a two-group repeated measures analysis of variance.

RESULTS

Of the 394 participants, 255 (64.7%) completed the postintervention questionnaire. Satisfaction with the program was high especially among those with no education beyond high school. When considering a repeated measures analysis of variance model with the two fixed between-subject effects of group and age, a larger improvement in score in the interactive multimedia group than in the pamphlet group (P=0.005) was found, but the size of the group effect was small (partial eta(2)=0.033). Women aged 35 years or older in the interactive multimedia group had the largest increase in score.

CONCLUSIONS

The interactive multimedia was well-accepted and resulted in improved self-reported food safety practices, suggesting that interactive multimedia is an effective option for food safety education in WIC clinics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stempel School of Public Health, Florida International University, University Park, HLS II 595, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA. trepkam@fiu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18502229

Citation

Trepka, Mary Jo, et al. "Randomized Controlled Trial to Determine the Effectiveness of an Interactive Multimedia Food Safety Education Program for Clients of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 108, no. 6, 2008, pp. 978-84.
Trepka MJ, Newman FL, Davila EP, et al. Randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of an interactive multimedia food safety education program for clients of the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(6):978-84.
Trepka, M. J., Newman, F. L., Davila, E. P., Matthew, K. J., Dixon, Z., & Huffman, F. G. (2008). Randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of an interactive multimedia food safety education program for clients of the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 108(6), 978-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.03.011
Trepka MJ, et al. Randomized Controlled Trial to Determine the Effectiveness of an Interactive Multimedia Food Safety Education Program for Clients of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(6):978-84. PubMed PMID: 18502229.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of an interactive multimedia food safety education program for clients of the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. AU - Trepka,Mary Jo, AU - Newman,Frederick L, AU - Davila,Evelyn P, AU - Matthew,Karen J, AU - Dixon,Zisca, AU - Huffman,Fatma G, PY - 2007/09/24/received PY - 2007/12/28/accepted PY - 2008/5/27/pubmed PY - 2008/7/9/medline PY - 2008/5/27/entrez SP - 978 EP - 84 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 108 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Pregnant women and the very young are among those most susceptible to foodborne infections and at high risk of a severe outcome from foodborne infections. OBJECTIVE: To determine if interactive multimedia is a more effective method than pamphlets for delivering food safety education to Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial of WIC clients was conducted. Self-reported food safety practices were compared between pre- and postintervention questionnaires completed >or=2 months after the intervention. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Pregnant WIC clients or female caregivers (usually mothers) of WIC clients who were 18 years of age or older and able to speak and read English were recruited from an inner-city WIC clinic. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to receive food safety pamphlets or complete an interactive multimedia food safety education program on a computer kiosk. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change from pre- to postintervention food safety scores. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: A mean food safety score was determined for each participant for the pre- and postintervention questionnaires. The scores were used in a two-group repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: Of the 394 participants, 255 (64.7%) completed the postintervention questionnaire. Satisfaction with the program was high especially among those with no education beyond high school. When considering a repeated measures analysis of variance model with the two fixed between-subject effects of group and age, a larger improvement in score in the interactive multimedia group than in the pamphlet group (P=0.005) was found, but the size of the group effect was small (partial eta(2)=0.033). Women aged 35 years or older in the interactive multimedia group had the largest increase in score. CONCLUSIONS: The interactive multimedia was well-accepted and resulted in improved self-reported food safety practices, suggesting that interactive multimedia is an effective option for food safety education in WIC clinics. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18502229/Randomized_controlled_trial_to_determine_the_effectiveness_of_an_interactive_multimedia_food_safety_education_program_for_clients_of_the_special_supplemental_nutrition_program_for_women_infants_and_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(08)00320-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -