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Infants' discrimination of happy and sad music.
Infant Behav Dev. 2008 Dec; 31(4):716-28.IB

Abstract

Infants can detect information specifying affect in infant- and adult-directed speech, familiar and unfamiliar facial expressions, and in point-light displays of facial expressions. We examined 3-, 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds' discrimination of musical excerpts judged by adults and preschoolers as happy and sad. In Experiment 1, using an infant-controlled habituation procedure, 3-, 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds heard three musical excerpts that were rated as either happy or sad. Following habituation, infants were presented with two new musical excerpts from the other affect group. Nine-month-olds discriminated the musical excerpts rated as affectively different. Five- and seven-month-olds discriminated the happy and sad excerpts when they were habituated to sad excerpts but not when they were habituated to happy excerpts. Three-month-olds showed no evidence of discriminating the sad and happy excerpts. In Experiment 2, 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds were presented with two new musical excerpts from the same affective group as the habituation excerpts. At no age did infants discriminate these novel, yet affectively similar, musical excerpts. In Experiment 3, we examined 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds' discrimination of individual excerpts rated as affectively similar. Only the 9-month-olds discriminated the affectively similar individual excerpts. Results are discussed in terms of infants' ability to discriminate affect across a variety of events and its relevance for later social-communicative development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, USA. flom@byu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18502515

Citation

Flom, Ross, et al. "Infants' Discrimination of Happy and Sad Music." Infant Behavior & Development, vol. 31, no. 4, 2008, pp. 716-28.
Flom R, Gentile DA, Pick AD. Infants' discrimination of happy and sad music. Infant Behav Dev. 2008;31(4):716-28.
Flom, R., Gentile, D. A., & Pick, A. D. (2008). Infants' discrimination of happy and sad music. Infant Behavior & Development, 31(4), 716-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.04.004
Flom R, Gentile DA, Pick AD. Infants' Discrimination of Happy and Sad Music. Infant Behav Dev. 2008;31(4):716-28. PubMed PMID: 18502515.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Infants' discrimination of happy and sad music. AU - Flom,Ross, AU - Gentile,Douglas A, AU - Pick,Anne D, Y1 - 2008/05/27/ PY - 2007/12/19/received PY - 2008/04/09/revised PY - 2008/04/14/accepted PY - 2008/5/27/pubmed PY - 2009/8/12/medline PY - 2008/5/27/entrez SP - 716 EP - 28 JF - Infant behavior & development JO - Infant Behav Dev VL - 31 IS - 4 N2 - Infants can detect information specifying affect in infant- and adult-directed speech, familiar and unfamiliar facial expressions, and in point-light displays of facial expressions. We examined 3-, 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds' discrimination of musical excerpts judged by adults and preschoolers as happy and sad. In Experiment 1, using an infant-controlled habituation procedure, 3-, 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds heard three musical excerpts that were rated as either happy or sad. Following habituation, infants were presented with two new musical excerpts from the other affect group. Nine-month-olds discriminated the musical excerpts rated as affectively different. Five- and seven-month-olds discriminated the happy and sad excerpts when they were habituated to sad excerpts but not when they were habituated to happy excerpts. Three-month-olds showed no evidence of discriminating the sad and happy excerpts. In Experiment 2, 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds were presented with two new musical excerpts from the same affective group as the habituation excerpts. At no age did infants discriminate these novel, yet affectively similar, musical excerpts. In Experiment 3, we examined 5-, 7-, and 9-month-olds' discrimination of individual excerpts rated as affectively similar. Only the 9-month-olds discriminated the affectively similar individual excerpts. Results are discussed in terms of infants' ability to discriminate affect across a variety of events and its relevance for later social-communicative development. SN - 1934-8800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18502515/Infants'_discrimination_of_happy_and_sad_music_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0163-6383(08)00042-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -