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Are breakfast consumption patterns associated with weight status and nutrient adequacy in African-American children?
Public Health Nutr. 2009 Apr; 12(4):489-96.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the present study was to assess whether weight status, nutrient intake and dietary adequacy were associated with breakfast consumption patterns.

DESIGN

A representative sample of the US population was used in a secondary analysis of nutrient intake/diet quality and weight status by breakfast consumption patterns.

SETTING

The 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

SUBJECTS

The study sample included African-American (AA) children aged 1-12 years (n 1389).

RESULTS

Forty-five per cent of children aged 1-5 years and 38 % of those aged 6-12 years consumed ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) at breakfast; while 7.4 % and 16.9 % in those age groups skipped breakfast, respectively. The lowest mean BMI (P <or= 0.05) and mean waist circumference (P <or= 0.05) was found in children 1-12 years of age who consumed RTEC at breakfast compared with other consumption groups. RTEC breakfast consumers had the highest mean intakes of vitamins A, B6 and B12, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, Ca, Fe and Zn (P <or= 0.05) and the highest Mean Adequacy Ratio (P <or= 0.05). RTEC breakfast consumers also had the highest intake of carbohydrates and total sugars, and the lowest intakes of total fat (P <or= 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Consuming RTEC at breakfast was associated with improved weight and nutrient adequacy in AA children. AA children in all breakfast categories still had mean intakes of most nutrients below recommended levels. The implications are that consuming a breakfast meal should be encouraged in these children, and that RTEC at breakfast provides important nutrients and may help promote a healthy weight.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Louisiana State University, Agricultural and Mechanical College, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18503723

Citation

Williams, Brandy M., et al. "Are Breakfast Consumption Patterns Associated With Weight Status and Nutrient Adequacy in African-American Children?" Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 4, 2009, pp. 489-96.
Williams BM, O'Neil CE, Keast DR, et al. Are breakfast consumption patterns associated with weight status and nutrient adequacy in African-American children? Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(4):489-96.
Williams, B. M., O'Neil, C. E., Keast, D. R., Cho, S., & Nicklas, T. A. (2009). Are breakfast consumption patterns associated with weight status and nutrient adequacy in African-American children? Public Health Nutrition, 12(4), 489-96. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980008002760
Williams BM, et al. Are Breakfast Consumption Patterns Associated With Weight Status and Nutrient Adequacy in African-American Children. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(4):489-96. PubMed PMID: 18503723.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Are breakfast consumption patterns associated with weight status and nutrient adequacy in African-American children? AU - Williams,Brandy M, AU - O'Neil,Carol E, AU - Keast,Debra R, AU - Cho,Susan, AU - Nicklas,Theresa A, Y1 - 2008/05/27/ PY - 2008/5/28/pubmed PY - 2009/5/9/medline PY - 2008/5/28/entrez SP - 489 EP - 96 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess whether weight status, nutrient intake and dietary adequacy were associated with breakfast consumption patterns. DESIGN: A representative sample of the US population was used in a secondary analysis of nutrient intake/diet quality and weight status by breakfast consumption patterns. SETTING: The 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUBJECTS: The study sample included African-American (AA) children aged 1-12 years (n 1389). RESULTS: Forty-five per cent of children aged 1-5 years and 38 % of those aged 6-12 years consumed ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) at breakfast; while 7.4 % and 16.9 % in those age groups skipped breakfast, respectively. The lowest mean BMI (P <or= 0.05) and mean waist circumference (P <or= 0.05) was found in children 1-12 years of age who consumed RTEC at breakfast compared with other consumption groups. RTEC breakfast consumers had the highest mean intakes of vitamins A, B6 and B12, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, Ca, Fe and Zn (P <or= 0.05) and the highest Mean Adequacy Ratio (P <or= 0.05). RTEC breakfast consumers also had the highest intake of carbohydrates and total sugars, and the lowest intakes of total fat (P <or= 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Consuming RTEC at breakfast was associated with improved weight and nutrient adequacy in AA children. AA children in all breakfast categories still had mean intakes of most nutrients below recommended levels. The implications are that consuming a breakfast meal should be encouraged in these children, and that RTEC at breakfast provides important nutrients and may help promote a healthy weight. SN - 1368-9800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18503723/Are_breakfast_consumption_patterns_associated_with_weight_status_and_nutrient_adequacy_in_African_American_children L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980008002760/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -