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Imaging of entrapment and compressive neuropathies.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2008 Jun; 12(2):170-81.SM

Abstract

Although the subject of entrapment and compressive neuropathies is huge, with dedicated textbooks on the subject, this article attempts to provide an up-to-date overview of the role of imaging in the diagnosis of nerve entrapment and compression syndromes. Entrapment and compressive neuropathies are a group of distinct syndromes secondary to physical constriction or irritation affecting peripheral nerves at specific anatomical sites in the body. Most nerve entrapment and compressive syndromes derive from an injury to the neurovascular components in a narrow anatomical passage. Because of their etiological diversity, which includes pressure, angulation, stretch, and friction, the pathophysiology of individual nerve entrapment syndromes differs widely. Neuropathy can result in considerable morbidity. Although the mainstay of achieving diagnosis is with clinical acumen and electrophysiological investigations, the increasing use of modern high-resolution imaging studies is of particular value in confirming physical findings and enabling determination of the extent of injury. Knowledge and familiarity of pertinent anatomy and appropriate choice of imaging modality is important for the radiologist to allow accurate interpretation of site and etiology of nerve entrapment and compression as well as ascertaining possible alternative diagnoses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18509796

Citation

Bashir, Waseem A., and David A. Connell. "Imaging of Entrapment and Compressive Neuropathies." Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology, vol. 12, no. 2, 2008, pp. 170-81.
Bashir WA, Connell DA. Imaging of entrapment and compressive neuropathies. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2008;12(2):170-81.
Bashir, W. A., & Connell, D. A. (2008). Imaging of entrapment and compressive neuropathies. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology, 12(2), 170-81. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1078704
Bashir WA, Connell DA. Imaging of Entrapment and Compressive Neuropathies. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2008;12(2):170-81. PubMed PMID: 18509796.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Imaging of entrapment and compressive neuropathies. AU - Bashir,Waseem A, AU - Connell,David A, PY - 2008/5/30/pubmed PY - 2008/9/26/medline PY - 2008/5/30/entrez SP - 170 EP - 81 JF - Seminars in musculoskeletal radiology JO - Semin Musculoskelet Radiol VL - 12 IS - 2 N2 - Although the subject of entrapment and compressive neuropathies is huge, with dedicated textbooks on the subject, this article attempts to provide an up-to-date overview of the role of imaging in the diagnosis of nerve entrapment and compression syndromes. Entrapment and compressive neuropathies are a group of distinct syndromes secondary to physical constriction or irritation affecting peripheral nerves at specific anatomical sites in the body. Most nerve entrapment and compressive syndromes derive from an injury to the neurovascular components in a narrow anatomical passage. Because of their etiological diversity, which includes pressure, angulation, stretch, and friction, the pathophysiology of individual nerve entrapment syndromes differs widely. Neuropathy can result in considerable morbidity. Although the mainstay of achieving diagnosis is with clinical acumen and electrophysiological investigations, the increasing use of modern high-resolution imaging studies is of particular value in confirming physical findings and enabling determination of the extent of injury. Knowledge and familiarity of pertinent anatomy and appropriate choice of imaging modality is important for the radiologist to allow accurate interpretation of site and etiology of nerve entrapment and compression as well as ascertaining possible alternative diagnoses. SN - 1089-7860 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18509796/Imaging_of_entrapment_and_compressive_neuropathies_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2008-1078704 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -