The management of acute gastric volvulus.Ann Ital Chir. 2007 Nov-Dec; 78(6):511-3.AI
Acute gastric volvulus occurs when the stomach or a part of it rotates more than 180 degrees which leads to obstruction (closed loop syndrome), that finally concludes to incarceration and ischemia of the organ. It can be observed as a result of diaphragmatic hernia, a gap of the diaphragm, pancreatic or gastric cancers, traumatic injuries and fixation anomalies. Parï first described acute gastric volvulus in 1579, in a patient with diaphragmatic injury after trauma. The first reports of successful surgical repair and anatomo-pathologic findings were published in 1866 and 1897.