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Antifungal, phytotoxic and insecticidal properties of essential oil isolated from Turkish Origanum acutidens and its three components, carvacrol, thymol and p-cymene.
Bioresour Technol. 2008 Dec; 99(18):8788-95.BT

Abstract

The chemical composition of essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of Origanum acutidens was analyzed by GC-MS. Carvacrol (87.0%), p-cymene (2.0%), linalool acetate (1.7%), borneol (1.6%) and beta-caryophyllene (1.3%) were found to be as main constituents. Antifungal, phytotoxic and insecticidal activities of the oil and its aromatic monoterpene constituents, carvacrol, p-cymene and thymol were also determined. The antifungal assays showed that O. acutidens oil, carvacrol and thymol completely inhibited mycelial growth of 17 phytopathogenic fungi and their antifungal effects were higher than commercial fungicide, benomyl. However, p-cymene possessed lower antifungal activity. The oil, carvacrol and thymol completely inhibited the seed germination and seedling growth of Amaranthus retroflexus, Chenopodium album and Rumex crispus and also showed a potent phytotoxic effect against these plants. However, p-cymene did not show any phytotoxic effect. Furthermore, O. acutidens oil showed 68.3% and 36.7% mortality against Sitophilus granarius and Tribolium confusum adults, respectively. The findings of the present study suggest that antifungal and herbicidal properties of the oil can be attributed to its major component, carvacrol, and these agents have a potential to be used as fungicide, herbicide as well as insecticide.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Atatürk University, Department of Plant Protection, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18513954

Citation

Kordali, Saban, et al. "Antifungal, Phytotoxic and Insecticidal Properties of Essential Oil Isolated From Turkish Origanum Acutidens and Its Three Components, Carvacrol, Thymol and P-cymene." Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 18, 2008, pp. 8788-95.
Kordali S, Cakir A, Ozer H, et al. Antifungal, phytotoxic and insecticidal properties of essential oil isolated from Turkish Origanum acutidens and its three components, carvacrol, thymol and p-cymene. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99(18):8788-95.
Kordali, S., Cakir, A., Ozer, H., Cakmakci, R., Kesdek, M., & Mete, E. (2008). Antifungal, phytotoxic and insecticidal properties of essential oil isolated from Turkish Origanum acutidens and its three components, carvacrol, thymol and p-cymene. Bioresource Technology, 99(18), 8788-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.04.048
Kordali S, et al. Antifungal, Phytotoxic and Insecticidal Properties of Essential Oil Isolated From Turkish Origanum Acutidens and Its Three Components, Carvacrol, Thymol and P-cymene. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99(18):8788-95. PubMed PMID: 18513954.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antifungal, phytotoxic and insecticidal properties of essential oil isolated from Turkish Origanum acutidens and its three components, carvacrol, thymol and p-cymene. AU - Kordali,Saban, AU - Cakir,Ahmet, AU - Ozer,Hakan, AU - Cakmakci,Ramazan, AU - Kesdek,Memis, AU - Mete,Ebru, Y1 - 2008/05/29/ PY - 2007/12/17/received PY - 2008/04/14/revised PY - 2008/04/15/accepted PY - 2008/6/3/pubmed PY - 2008/12/17/medline PY - 2008/6/3/entrez SP - 8788 EP - 95 JF - Bioresource technology JO - Bioresour. Technol. VL - 99 IS - 18 N2 - The chemical composition of essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of Origanum acutidens was analyzed by GC-MS. Carvacrol (87.0%), p-cymene (2.0%), linalool acetate (1.7%), borneol (1.6%) and beta-caryophyllene (1.3%) were found to be as main constituents. Antifungal, phytotoxic and insecticidal activities of the oil and its aromatic monoterpene constituents, carvacrol, p-cymene and thymol were also determined. The antifungal assays showed that O. acutidens oil, carvacrol and thymol completely inhibited mycelial growth of 17 phytopathogenic fungi and their antifungal effects were higher than commercial fungicide, benomyl. However, p-cymene possessed lower antifungal activity. The oil, carvacrol and thymol completely inhibited the seed germination and seedling growth of Amaranthus retroflexus, Chenopodium album and Rumex crispus and also showed a potent phytotoxic effect against these plants. However, p-cymene did not show any phytotoxic effect. Furthermore, O. acutidens oil showed 68.3% and 36.7% mortality against Sitophilus granarius and Tribolium confusum adults, respectively. The findings of the present study suggest that antifungal and herbicidal properties of the oil can be attributed to its major component, carvacrol, and these agents have a potential to be used as fungicide, herbicide as well as insecticide. SN - 0960-8524 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18513954/Antifungal_phytotoxic_and_insecticidal_properties_of_essential_oil_isolated_from_Turkish_Origanum_acutidens_and_its_three_components_carvacrol_thymol_and_p_cymene_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960-8524(08)00369-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -