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Prevalence and social environment of cigarette smoking in Cyprus youth.
BMC Public Health 2008; 8:190BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. Limited data exist regarding the extent of the problem among Cyprus youth. We use the Global Youth Tobacco Survey to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking among middle and high school students as well as the social environment in which this is taking place.

METHODS

The survey was conducted by the Cyprus International Institute for the Environment and Public Health in association with Harvard School of Public Health. A two-stage cluster sample design was used to select a representative sample of students from middle and high schools registered with the Republic of Cyprus in 2005-2006. The study questionnaire consisted of 99 questions and participation in the survey was voluntary. Statistical analyses were performed taking into consideration the specific design of the study and the sample weights associated with each completed questionnaire.

RESULTS

The prevalence of current smoking, defined as having smoked cigarettes on one or more days of the past 30 days, is 13% among boys and 7% among girls in middle schools, and 36% among boys and 23% among girls in high schools. Furthermore, 16% of middle school students and more than 24% of high school students that had never smoked indicated that they are likely to initiate smoking within the next year. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is also very high with 91% of students reporting being exposed to smoke in places outside home. In addition, more than 95% of current smokers reported that they had bought cigarettes in a store during the past month and were not refused cigarettes because of their age.

CONCLUSION

Smoking prevalence among Cyprus middle and high school students is high and there are indications of an increase in the prevalence of smoking among girls over the last few years. Susceptibility rates, exposure to second-hand smoke, and access to and availability of cigarettes to youth are also high and concerning. The present survey indicates that the problem of cigarette smoking among youth in Cyprus is significant and requires collective action immediately.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cyprus International Institute for the Environment and Public Health in association with Harvard School of Public Health, Nicosia, Cyprus. cchristophi@cyprusinstitute.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18518947

Citation

Christophi, Costas A., et al. "Prevalence and Social Environment of Cigarette Smoking in Cyprus Youth." BMC Public Health, vol. 8, 2008, p. 190.
Christophi CA, Kolokotroni O, Alpert HR, et al. Prevalence and social environment of cigarette smoking in Cyprus youth. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:190.
Christophi, C. A., Kolokotroni, O., Alpert, H. R., Warren, C. W., Jones, N. R., Demokritou, P., & Connolly, G. N. (2008). Prevalence and social environment of cigarette smoking in Cyprus youth. BMC Public Health, 8, p. 190. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-190.
Christophi CA, et al. Prevalence and Social Environment of Cigarette Smoking in Cyprus Youth. BMC Public Health. 2008 Jun 2;8:190. PubMed PMID: 18518947.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and social environment of cigarette smoking in Cyprus youth. AU - Christophi,Costas A, AU - Kolokotroni,Ourania, AU - Alpert,Hillel R, AU - Warren,Charles W, AU - Jones,Nathan R, AU - Demokritou,Philip, AU - Connolly,Gregory N, Y1 - 2008/06/02/ PY - 2007/09/21/received PY - 2008/06/02/accepted PY - 2008/6/4/pubmed PY - 2008/7/9/medline PY - 2008/6/4/entrez SP - 190 EP - 190 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. Limited data exist regarding the extent of the problem among Cyprus youth. We use the Global Youth Tobacco Survey to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking among middle and high school students as well as the social environment in which this is taking place. METHODS: The survey was conducted by the Cyprus International Institute for the Environment and Public Health in association with Harvard School of Public Health. A two-stage cluster sample design was used to select a representative sample of students from middle and high schools registered with the Republic of Cyprus in 2005-2006. The study questionnaire consisted of 99 questions and participation in the survey was voluntary. Statistical analyses were performed taking into consideration the specific design of the study and the sample weights associated with each completed questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of current smoking, defined as having smoked cigarettes on one or more days of the past 30 days, is 13% among boys and 7% among girls in middle schools, and 36% among boys and 23% among girls in high schools. Furthermore, 16% of middle school students and more than 24% of high school students that had never smoked indicated that they are likely to initiate smoking within the next year. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is also very high with 91% of students reporting being exposed to smoke in places outside home. In addition, more than 95% of current smokers reported that they had bought cigarettes in a store during the past month and were not refused cigarettes because of their age. CONCLUSION: Smoking prevalence among Cyprus middle and high school students is high and there are indications of an increase in the prevalence of smoking among girls over the last few years. Susceptibility rates, exposure to second-hand smoke, and access to and availability of cigarettes to youth are also high and concerning. The present survey indicates that the problem of cigarette smoking among youth in Cyprus is significant and requires collective action immediately. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18518947/Prevalence_and_social_environment_of_cigarette_smoking_in_Cyprus_youth_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-8-190 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -