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Changing prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases among Kuwaiti children. An ISAAC Study (Phase III).
Med Princ Pract. 2008; 17(4):284-9.MP

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To estimate the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in 13- and 14-year-old schoolchildren and to compare it with previous phase I data.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

A survey of 2,922 third and fourth grade students from randomly selected intermediate level schools across Kuwait was conducted. Supervised, self-administered, written and video questionnaires of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was used.

RESULTS

Of the 2,922 students, 2,882 (96.3%) completed the questionnaires. The prevalence (95% CI) in the written questionnaire for wheeze ever, current wheeze (within the last 12 months) and physician diagnosis of asthma were 13.4, 7.6 and 15.6%, respectively. The prevalence (95% CI) for symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) ever, current symptoms of AR, and diagnosis of AR was 41.4, 27.6 and 22.2%, respectively. The prevalence (95% CI) for itchy rash ever, current itchy rash, and diagnosis of eczema was 10.6, 8.3 and 12.8%, respectively. Comparing to ISAAC phase I data (1995-1996), the prevalence of current wheeze has decreased from 16.1 to 7.6% (p < 0.001). Current symptoms of AR decreased from 30.7 to 27.6 (p = 0.008) and current itchy rash decreased from 17.5 to 10.6% (p < 0.001). However, physician diagnoses of asthma and eczema remained the same as in the previous study, but physician diagnosis of AR increased from 17.1 to 22.2% (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION

The findings show that there is a decrease in the self-reported symptoms of allergic diseases over a 5-year period while physician diagnoses of these diseases remained the same over the same period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, Kuwait University, Kuwait. owayedaf@hsc.edu.kwNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18523395

Citation

Owayed, A, et al. "Changing Prevalence of Asthma and Allergic Diseases Among Kuwaiti Children. an ISAAC Study (Phase III)." Medical Principles and Practice : International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre, vol. 17, no. 4, 2008, pp. 284-9.
Owayed A, Behbehani N, Al-Momen J. Changing prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases among Kuwaiti children. An ISAAC Study (Phase III). Med Princ Pract. 2008;17(4):284-9.
Owayed, A., Behbehani, N., & Al-Momen, J. (2008). Changing prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases among Kuwaiti children. An ISAAC Study (Phase III). Medical Principles and Practice : International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre, 17(4), 284-9. https://doi.org/10.1159/000129607
Owayed A, Behbehani N, Al-Momen J. Changing Prevalence of Asthma and Allergic Diseases Among Kuwaiti Children. an ISAAC Study (Phase III). Med Princ Pract. 2008;17(4):284-9. PubMed PMID: 18523395.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changing prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases among Kuwaiti children. An ISAAC Study (Phase III). AU - Owayed,A, AU - Behbehani,N, AU - Al-Momen,J, Y1 - 2008/06/03/ PY - 2007/02/11/received PY - 2007/09/04/accepted PY - 2008/6/5/pubmed PY - 2008/9/24/medline PY - 2008/6/5/entrez SP - 284 EP - 9 JF - Medical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre JO - Med Princ Pract VL - 17 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in 13- and 14-year-old schoolchildren and to compare it with previous phase I data. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A survey of 2,922 third and fourth grade students from randomly selected intermediate level schools across Kuwait was conducted. Supervised, self-administered, written and video questionnaires of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was used. RESULTS: Of the 2,922 students, 2,882 (96.3%) completed the questionnaires. The prevalence (95% CI) in the written questionnaire for wheeze ever, current wheeze (within the last 12 months) and physician diagnosis of asthma were 13.4, 7.6 and 15.6%, respectively. The prevalence (95% CI) for symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) ever, current symptoms of AR, and diagnosis of AR was 41.4, 27.6 and 22.2%, respectively. The prevalence (95% CI) for itchy rash ever, current itchy rash, and diagnosis of eczema was 10.6, 8.3 and 12.8%, respectively. Comparing to ISAAC phase I data (1995-1996), the prevalence of current wheeze has decreased from 16.1 to 7.6% (p < 0.001). Current symptoms of AR decreased from 30.7 to 27.6 (p = 0.008) and current itchy rash decreased from 17.5 to 10.6% (p < 0.001). However, physician diagnoses of asthma and eczema remained the same as in the previous study, but physician diagnosis of AR increased from 17.1 to 22.2% (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The findings show that there is a decrease in the self-reported symptoms of allergic diseases over a 5-year period while physician diagnoses of these diseases remained the same over the same period. SN - 1423-0151 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18523395/Changing_prevalence_of_asthma_and_allergic_diseases_among_Kuwaiti_children__An_ISAAC_Study__Phase_III__ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000129607 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -