N-Terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide testing for short-term prognosis in breathless older adults.Am J Emerg Med 2008; 26(5):555-60AJ
Amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is useful for the triage of patients with dyspnea. Our aim was to determine whether NT-proBNP levels could predict in-hospital outcome in breathless elderly patients.
At admission, NT-proBNP plasma concentrations were determined in 324 dyspneic patients aged 75 years and older. The association between NT-proBNP values and in-hospital mortality was assessed.
Median NT-proBNP concentrations were not different in deceased patients (n = 43, 13%) compared to that of survivors (n = 281, 87%) (4354 vs 2499 pg/mL, respectively; P = .06). To predict in-hospital mortality, the optimum threshold of NT-proBNP was 3855 pg/mL, as defined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, with a nonsignificant area under the ROC curve of 0.59. Mortality was significantly higher in patients (n = 139) with NT-proBNP levels 3855 pg/mL or higher (17.9% vs 9.7%, P = .045). After multivariate analysis, NT-proBNP level 3855 pg/mL or higher at admission was predictive of mortality (odds ratio, 2.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-5.68; P = .04).
NT-proBNP higher than 3855 pg/mL is associated with in-hospital mortality in patients aged 75 years and older admitted for dyspnea.