Effects of phenol in antioxidant metabolism in matrinxã, Brycon amazonicus (Teleostei; Characidae).Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2008 Aug; 148(2):136-42.CB
Parameters of the antioxidant defense systems of Brycon amazonicus (matrinxã--a neotropical fish) exposed to phenol for 96 h plus the recovery over 1 and 2 weeks were studied in erythrocytes and liver. Hematocrit increase was observed during phenol exposure and recovery for 1 week. Total superoxide dismutases (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and reduced glutathione (GSH) did not change during phenol exposure. Erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) increased during that period while catalase (CAT) activity decreased during phenol exposure and recovery for 2 weeks. In the liver, SOD and CAT did not change, whereas GPx increased in the first week of recovery and decreased after 2 weeks. A late response was observed for G6PDH activity which increased only at the second week. Ascorbate concentration in the brain decreased during phenol exposure and increased over recovery. From our results it appears that the oxidative stress was limited in matrinxã exposed to phenol, but seemed to occur during the recovery period.