Fracture resistance of anterior teeth restored with a novel nonmetallic post.J Can Dent Assoc. 2008 Jun; 74(5):441.JC
To determine the fracture resistance of endodontically treated anterior teeth restored with a novel nonmetallic post in combination with self-etching adhesives.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Extracted maxillary anterior teeth were sterilized with gamma irradiation, and each crown was severed 2 mm above the cementoenamel junction. Endodontic treatment was performed, and the teeth were divided into 7 test groups according to the post-adhesive combination used (n = 8 in each group). The following combinations of posts and adhesives were used: group 1, ParaPost stainless steel post with glass ionomer cement (control group); group 2, Light Post post with Clearfil SE Bond bonding agent and Panavia-F adhesive; group 3, Light Post post with Xeno-III bonding agent and Panavia-F adhesive; group 4, ParaPost Fiber White post with Clearfil SE Bond bonding agent and Panavia-F adhesive; group 5, ParaPost Fiber White post with Xeno-III bonding agent and Panavia-F adhesive; group 6, everStick post with Clearfil SE Bond bonding agent and Panavia-F adhesive; and group 7, everStick post with Xeno-III bonding agent and Panavia-F adhesive. Core build-ups to restore anatomic form were made from light-cured composite (TPH3). Specimens were stored in water at 37 degrees C. The roots of each tooth were embedded in an acrylic base, and the teeth were mounted at 135 degrees to the horizontal. The teeth were loaded in an Instron machine, and loading was applied to the point of fracture. Fracture loads were recorded, means and standard deviations (SDs) were calculated, and the data were analyzed with analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey"s tests.
The mean fracture load (and SD) for each group was as follows: for group 1, 536.8 (75.1) N; for group 2, 1,000.1 (190.9) N; for group 3, 1,049.9 (231.5) N; for group 4, 1,548.5 (290.0) N; for group 5, 1,171.3 (296.9) N; for group 6, 1,711.7 (516.7) N; and for group 7, 1,825.7 (527.3) N. ANOVA revealed significant differences among the groups (p < 0.001). In addition, the mean fracture value for group 7 was significantly higher than those of the other groups p < 0.05) except for groups 4 and 6.
Use of a novel glass fibre post (the everStick post) was associated with the highest mean fracture force for maxillary anterior teeth, regardless of the bonding agent used, whereas the stainless steel post was associated with the lowest mean fracture force.