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The relationship between PTSD arousal symptoms and depression among mothers exposed to the World Trade Center attacks.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008 Jun; 196(6):504-7.JN

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with greater risk of developing comorbid depression. However, little is known about the relationship between specific PTSD symptom clusters and comorbid depression. Approximately 4 years after the World Trade Center (WTC) attacks, we examined the association between PTSD symptom clusters and depression severity among 64 mothers directly exposed to the WTC attacks. Severity scores were computed for each PTSD symptom cluster by summing symptom frequency. Partial correlations with depression severity were calculated separately for PTSD symptom clusters, controlling for demographic variables, time elapsed since the attacks, WTC attack exposure, meeting PTSD criterion A, and the other cluster scores. Higher arousal symptom cluster scores were significantly correlated with persistent depression, but the re-experiencing and avoidance symptom clusters were not. Subsequent analyses isolating shared symptoms of PTSD and depression from those unique to PTSD suggest a complex interrelationship among symptoms of arousal, numbing, and depression.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18552630

Citation

Rubacka, Joseph M., et al. "The Relationship Between PTSD Arousal Symptoms and Depression Among Mothers Exposed to the World Trade Center Attacks." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 196, no. 6, 2008, pp. 504-7.
Rubacka JM, Schmeidler J, Nomura Y, et al. The relationship between PTSD arousal symptoms and depression among mothers exposed to the World Trade Center attacks. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008;196(6):504-7.
Rubacka, J. M., Schmeidler, J., Nomura, Y., Luthra, R., Rajendran, K., Abramovitz, R., & Chemtob, C. M. (2008). The relationship between PTSD arousal symptoms and depression among mothers exposed to the World Trade Center attacks. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196(6), 504-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181775f05
Rubacka JM, et al. The Relationship Between PTSD Arousal Symptoms and Depression Among Mothers Exposed to the World Trade Center Attacks. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2008;196(6):504-7. PubMed PMID: 18552630.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship between PTSD arousal symptoms and depression among mothers exposed to the World Trade Center attacks. AU - Rubacka,Joseph M, AU - Schmeidler,James, AU - Nomura,Yoko, AU - Luthra,Rohini, AU - Rajendran,Khushmand, AU - Abramovitz,Robert, AU - Chemtob,Claude M, PY - 2008/6/17/pubmed PY - 2008/6/26/medline PY - 2008/6/17/entrez SP - 504 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J Nerv Ment Dis VL - 196 IS - 6 N2 - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with greater risk of developing comorbid depression. However, little is known about the relationship between specific PTSD symptom clusters and comorbid depression. Approximately 4 years after the World Trade Center (WTC) attacks, we examined the association between PTSD symptom clusters and depression severity among 64 mothers directly exposed to the WTC attacks. Severity scores were computed for each PTSD symptom cluster by summing symptom frequency. Partial correlations with depression severity were calculated separately for PTSD symptom clusters, controlling for demographic variables, time elapsed since the attacks, WTC attack exposure, meeting PTSD criterion A, and the other cluster scores. Higher arousal symptom cluster scores were significantly correlated with persistent depression, but the re-experiencing and avoidance symptom clusters were not. Subsequent analyses isolating shared symptoms of PTSD and depression from those unique to PTSD suggest a complex interrelationship among symptoms of arousal, numbing, and depression. SN - 1539-736X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18552630/The_relationship_between_PTSD_arousal_symptoms_and_depression_among_mothers_exposed_to_the_World_Trade_Center_attacks_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -