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Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record.
Nature. 2008 Jul 31; 454(7204):626-9.Nat

Abstract

The causes of mass extinctions and the nature of biological selectivity during extinction events remain central questions in palaeobiology. Although many different environmental perturbations have been invoked as extinction mechanisms, it has long been recognized that fluctuations in sea level coincide with many episodes of biotic turnover. Recent work supports the hypothesis that changes in the areas of epicontinental seas have influenced the macroevolution of marine animals, but the extent to which differential environmental turnover has contributed to extinction selectivity remains unknown. Here I use a new compilation of the temporal durations of sedimentary rock packages to show that carbonate and terrigenous clastic marine shelf environments have different spatio-temporal dynamics and that these dynamics predict patterns of genus-level extinction, extinction selectivity and diversity among Sepkoski's Palaeozoic and modern evolutionary faunae. These results do not preclude a role for biological interactions or unusual physical events as drivers of macroevolution, but they do suggest that the turnover of marine shelf habitats and correlated environmental changes have been consistent determinants of extinction, extinction selectivity and the shifting composition of the marine biota during the Phanerozoic eon.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Geology & Geophysics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA. peters@geology.wisc.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18552839

Citation

Peters, Shanan E.. "Environmental Determinants of Extinction Selectivity in the Fossil Record." Nature, vol. 454, no. 7204, 2008, pp. 626-9.
Peters SE. Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record. Nature. 2008;454(7204):626-9.
Peters, S. E. (2008). Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record. Nature, 454(7204), 626-9. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07032
Peters SE. Environmental Determinants of Extinction Selectivity in the Fossil Record. Nature. 2008 Jul 31;454(7204):626-9. PubMed PMID: 18552839.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record. A1 - Peters,Shanan E, Y1 - 2008/06/15/ PY - 2008/02/06/received PY - 2008/04/28/accepted PY - 2008/6/17/pubmed PY - 2008/8/12/medline PY - 2008/6/17/entrez SP - 626 EP - 9 JF - Nature JO - Nature VL - 454 IS - 7204 N2 - The causes of mass extinctions and the nature of biological selectivity during extinction events remain central questions in palaeobiology. Although many different environmental perturbations have been invoked as extinction mechanisms, it has long been recognized that fluctuations in sea level coincide with many episodes of biotic turnover. Recent work supports the hypothesis that changes in the areas of epicontinental seas have influenced the macroevolution of marine animals, but the extent to which differential environmental turnover has contributed to extinction selectivity remains unknown. Here I use a new compilation of the temporal durations of sedimentary rock packages to show that carbonate and terrigenous clastic marine shelf environments have different spatio-temporal dynamics and that these dynamics predict patterns of genus-level extinction, extinction selectivity and diversity among Sepkoski's Palaeozoic and modern evolutionary faunae. These results do not preclude a role for biological interactions or unusual physical events as drivers of macroevolution, but they do suggest that the turnover of marine shelf habitats and correlated environmental changes have been consistent determinants of extinction, extinction selectivity and the shifting composition of the marine biota during the Phanerozoic eon. SN - 1476-4687 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18552839/Environmental_determinants_of_extinction_selectivity_in_the_fossil_record_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07032 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -