Autosomal recessive acro-fronto-facio-nasal dysostosis associated with genitourinary anomalies: a third case report.Am J Med Genet A. 2008 Jul 15; 146A(14):1825-7.AJ
We report on a 22-day-old Tunisian boy born to consanguineous (first-cousin) parents (F = 1/16). The patient presents wide forehead with frontal encephalocele, wide anterior fontanel, marked hypertelorism, coloboma of the upper lids, proptosis, congenital glaucoma, broad nose, syndactyly between fingers 3 and 4, hypoplastic 3rd, 4th and 5th toes with nail dysplasia, hypospadias with cleft glans, bifid scrotum. Brain MRI showed right frontal encephalocele with anomalies of the cortical gyration without any corpus callosum abnormality. Normal chromosomes and parents' consanguinity are suggestive of autosomal recessive inheritance. Facial midline anomalies associated with limb and genitourinary anomalies is very uncommon. We present the third case reported in the literature.