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Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents: a systematic review.
Public Health Nutr 2009; 12(2):267-83PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To review associations between the family environment and young people's fruit and vegetable consumption.

DESIGN

A systematic review. Published English-language (n 60) papers were identified using electronic databases and manual searches of personal files and reference lists. Observational research reporting a measure of fruit/vegetable intake for children (aged 6-11 years) and/or adolescents (aged 12-18 years) and at least one potential family correlate of dietary intake was included.

RESULTS

Parental modelling and parental intake were consistently and positively associated with children's fruit and fruit, juice and vegetable (FJV) consumption. There were also positive associations between home availability, family rules and parental encouragement and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental intake was positively associated with adolescents' fruit and vegetable consumption. There were also positive associations between parental occupational status and adolescent fruit consumption and between parental education and adolescents' FJV consumption.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings highlight the importance of targeting the family environment for the promotion of healthy eating behaviours among children and adolescents. Future interventions should encourage parents to be positive role models by targeting parental intake and to create a supportive home environment through increased encouragement and availability of fruits and vegetables and employing rules to govern eating behaviours. For adolescents, indicators of family circumstances (e.g. parental education) should be used to identify target groups for interventions aimed at promoting healthy eating.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK. N.Pearson@lboro.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18559129

Citation

Pearson, Natalie, et al. "Family Correlates of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Review." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 2, 2009, pp. 267-83.
Pearson N, Biddle SJ, Gorely T. Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(2):267-83.
Pearson, N., Biddle, S. J., & Gorely, T. (2009). Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Public Health Nutrition, 12(2), pp. 267-83. doi:10.1017/S1368980008002589.
Pearson N, Biddle SJ, Gorely T. Family Correlates of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Review. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(2):267-83. PubMed PMID: 18559129.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents: a systematic review. AU - Pearson,Natalie, AU - Biddle,Stuart J H, AU - Gorely,Trish, Y1 - 2008/06/18/ PY - 2008/6/19/pubmed PY - 2009/3/18/medline PY - 2008/6/19/entrez SP - 267 EP - 83 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 12 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To review associations between the family environment and young people's fruit and vegetable consumption. DESIGN: A systematic review. Published English-language (n 60) papers were identified using electronic databases and manual searches of personal files and reference lists. Observational research reporting a measure of fruit/vegetable intake for children (aged 6-11 years) and/or adolescents (aged 12-18 years) and at least one potential family correlate of dietary intake was included. RESULTS: Parental modelling and parental intake were consistently and positively associated with children's fruit and fruit, juice and vegetable (FJV) consumption. There were also positive associations between home availability, family rules and parental encouragement and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental intake was positively associated with adolescents' fruit and vegetable consumption. There were also positive associations between parental occupational status and adolescent fruit consumption and between parental education and adolescents' FJV consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the importance of targeting the family environment for the promotion of healthy eating behaviours among children and adolescents. Future interventions should encourage parents to be positive role models by targeting parental intake and to create a supportive home environment through increased encouragement and availability of fruits and vegetables and employing rules to govern eating behaviours. For adolescents, indicators of family circumstances (e.g. parental education) should be used to identify target groups for interventions aimed at promoting healthy eating. SN - 1368-9800 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18559129/Family_correlates_of_fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_in_children_and_adolescents:_a_systematic_review_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980008002589/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -