Pathogen-related spirochetes identified within gingival tissue from patients with acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis.Infect Immun. 1991 Aug; 59(8):2653-7.II
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether monoclonal antibodies against pathogen-restricted antigens of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum could be used as probes for spirochetes in diseased gingival tissue from subjects with acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. A biotin-streptavidin system was used to identify spirochetes bound by monoclonal antibodies in cryostat sections of tissue. Twelve of 16 tissue samples from diseased sites, but none of 8 tissue specimens from healthy sites, reacted with pathogen-restricted antibodies. Organisms were found in intact epithelium and connective tissues adjacent to ulcers. Staining intensity was often high in perivascular locations and around vesicular spaces. Monoclonal antibodies to Bacteroides gingivalis and Treponema denticola were each reactive with diseased gingival tissues, but staining was usually restricted to ulcerated areas. These studies extend recent observations that showed that subjects with acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis had both pathogen-related spirochetes in dental plaque and serum immunoglobulin G to pathogen-restricted antigens on T. pallidum subspecies, suggesting that pathogen-related spirochetes may be associated with the pathogenesis of certain periodontal diseases.