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Characteristics of depressed and nondepressed adult offspring of depressed and matched nondepressed parents.
J Affect Disord. 2009 Feb; 113(1-2):56-65.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Our aim was to compare adults who were depressed or nondepressed offspring of depressed or matched nondepressed parents on functioning.

METHODS

Participants were adult children of depressed (n=143) or nondepressed (n=197) parents who participated in a larger study. They completed self-report measures of depression symptoms, medical conditions and pain, family and social functioning, life stressors and coping, and help used for mental health problems.

RESULTS

In the depressed-parent group, depressed offspring had poorer personal functioning than did nondepressed offspring. Factors associated with offspring depressed status were being unmarried and having a diagnosed medical condition, more severe pain, a more severe recent stressor, and more reliance on emotional discharge coping. In the nondepressed-parent offspring, factors associated with depressed status were more disability, family disagreements and disorganization, negative events, and reliance on emotional discharge coping. Depressed offspring of depressed parents had more severe depression than depressed offspring of nondepressed parents; they also had more medical conditions, pain, disability, and severe stressors and, accordingly, relied more on approach coping. In contrast, nondepressed offspring of depressed or nondepressed parents were quite similar on functioning.

LIMITATIONS

Measures were self-report and participants were not followed continuously.

CONCLUSIONS

Because parental depression increased the risk of impairment among depressed offspring, family history should be considered in the treatment of depression. Offspring of depressed parents who are not experiencing depression are often able to maintain normal functioning in adulthood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Health Care Evaluation, Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA. ctimko@stanford.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18562014

Citation

Timko, Christine, et al. "Characteristics of Depressed and Nondepressed Adult Offspring of Depressed and Matched Nondepressed Parents." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 113, no. 1-2, 2009, pp. 56-65.
Timko C, Cronkite RC, Swindle R, et al. Characteristics of depressed and nondepressed adult offspring of depressed and matched nondepressed parents. J Affect Disord. 2009;113(1-2):56-65.
Timko, C., Cronkite, R. C., Swindle, R., Robinson, R. L., & Moos, R. H. (2009). Characteristics of depressed and nondepressed adult offspring of depressed and matched nondepressed parents. Journal of Affective Disorders, 113(1-2), 56-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2008.04.023
Timko C, et al. Characteristics of Depressed and Nondepressed Adult Offspring of Depressed and Matched Nondepressed Parents. J Affect Disord. 2009;113(1-2):56-65. PubMed PMID: 18562014.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of depressed and nondepressed adult offspring of depressed and matched nondepressed parents. AU - Timko,Christine, AU - Cronkite,Ruth C, AU - Swindle,Ralph, AU - Robinson,Rebecca L, AU - Moos,Rudolf H, Y1 - 2008/06/17/ PY - 2008/02/07/received PY - 2008/04/14/revised PY - 2008/04/22/accepted PY - 2008/6/20/pubmed PY - 2009/4/22/medline PY - 2008/6/20/entrez SP - 56 EP - 65 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 113 IS - 1-2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare adults who were depressed or nondepressed offspring of depressed or matched nondepressed parents on functioning. METHODS: Participants were adult children of depressed (n=143) or nondepressed (n=197) parents who participated in a larger study. They completed self-report measures of depression symptoms, medical conditions and pain, family and social functioning, life stressors and coping, and help used for mental health problems. RESULTS: In the depressed-parent group, depressed offspring had poorer personal functioning than did nondepressed offspring. Factors associated with offspring depressed status were being unmarried and having a diagnosed medical condition, more severe pain, a more severe recent stressor, and more reliance on emotional discharge coping. In the nondepressed-parent offspring, factors associated with depressed status were more disability, family disagreements and disorganization, negative events, and reliance on emotional discharge coping. Depressed offspring of depressed parents had more severe depression than depressed offspring of nondepressed parents; they also had more medical conditions, pain, disability, and severe stressors and, accordingly, relied more on approach coping. In contrast, nondepressed offspring of depressed or nondepressed parents were quite similar on functioning. LIMITATIONS: Measures were self-report and participants were not followed continuously. CONCLUSIONS: Because parental depression increased the risk of impairment among depressed offspring, family history should be considered in the treatment of depression. Offspring of depressed parents who are not experiencing depression are often able to maintain normal functioning in adulthood. SN - 0165-0327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18562014/Characteristics_of_depressed_and_nondepressed_adult_offspring_of_depressed_and_matched_nondepressed_parents_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(08)00193-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -