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The impact of intimate partner violence on women's reproductive health and pregnancy outcome.
J Obstet Gynaecol. 2008 Apr; 28(3):266-71.JO

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate and elucidate the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes taking into account data from various countries. The search of the literature was made in MEDLINE database service for the years 2002-2008. Original articles, reviews, surveys, clinical trials and investigations pertinent to the theme were considered for this review. The lifetime physical or sexual IPV or both varied from 15% to 71% in many countries. Adolescent violence, negative emotionality and quality of the relationship with the intimate partner were associated with genesis of IPV, besides demographic, social and structural difference in attitudes. IPV affected woman's physical and mental health, reduced sexual autonomy, increased risk for unintended pregnancy and multiple abortions. Risk for sexual assault decreased by 59% or 70% for women contacting the police or applying for a protection order, respectively. Quality of life of IPV victims was found significantly impaired. Women battered by IPV reported high levels of anxiety and depression that often led to alcohol and drug abuse. Violence on pregnant women significantly increased risk for low birth weight infants, pre-term delivery and neonatal death and also affected breast-feeding postpartum. Women preferred an active role to be played by healthcare providers in response to IPV disclosure. Gynaecologists reported interventions for the patient disclosing IPV and provided treatment for their physical and emotional complaints. Educating and empowering women and upgrading their socioeconomic status may abate the incidence of IPV. Women should also seek protection against IPV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Reproductive Biology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. n_n_Sarkar@yahoo.co.in

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18569465

Citation

Sarkar, N N.. "The Impact of Intimate Partner Violence On Women's Reproductive Health and Pregnancy Outcome." Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology : the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 28, no. 3, 2008, pp. 266-71.
Sarkar NN. The impact of intimate partner violence on women's reproductive health and pregnancy outcome. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2008;28(3):266-71.
Sarkar, N. N. (2008). The impact of intimate partner violence on women's reproductive health and pregnancy outcome. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology : the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 28(3), 266-71. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443610802042415
Sarkar NN. The Impact of Intimate Partner Violence On Women's Reproductive Health and Pregnancy Outcome. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2008;28(3):266-71. PubMed PMID: 18569465.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of intimate partner violence on women's reproductive health and pregnancy outcome. A1 - Sarkar,N N, PY - 2008/6/24/pubmed PY - 2008/8/30/medline PY - 2008/6/24/entrez SP - 266 EP - 71 JF - Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology JO - J Obstet Gynaecol VL - 28 IS - 3 N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate and elucidate the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes taking into account data from various countries. The search of the literature was made in MEDLINE database service for the years 2002-2008. Original articles, reviews, surveys, clinical trials and investigations pertinent to the theme were considered for this review. The lifetime physical or sexual IPV or both varied from 15% to 71% in many countries. Adolescent violence, negative emotionality and quality of the relationship with the intimate partner were associated with genesis of IPV, besides demographic, social and structural difference in attitudes. IPV affected woman's physical and mental health, reduced sexual autonomy, increased risk for unintended pregnancy and multiple abortions. Risk for sexual assault decreased by 59% or 70% for women contacting the police or applying for a protection order, respectively. Quality of life of IPV victims was found significantly impaired. Women battered by IPV reported high levels of anxiety and depression that often led to alcohol and drug abuse. Violence on pregnant women significantly increased risk for low birth weight infants, pre-term delivery and neonatal death and also affected breast-feeding postpartum. Women preferred an active role to be played by healthcare providers in response to IPV disclosure. Gynaecologists reported interventions for the patient disclosing IPV and provided treatment for their physical and emotional complaints. Educating and empowering women and upgrading their socioeconomic status may abate the incidence of IPV. Women should also seek protection against IPV. SN - 1364-6893 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18569465/The_impact_of_intimate_partner_violence_on_women's_reproductive_health_and_pregnancy_outcome_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -