Relationship between insulin resistance and serum alanine aminotransferase as a surrogate of NAFLD (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) in obese Korean children.Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2008 Sep; 81(3):321-6.DR
There has been increasing number of obese children who accompany obesity-related comorbidities. It has been known that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as one of obesity-related comorbidities is related with insulin resistance. So, we investigated the relation between insulin resistance and NAFLD, using serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) as a surrogate of NAFLD among obese children in Korea. The study subjects were 909 obese children aged 9-12 years (boys 613, girls 296). Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, lipid profile were measured. ALT, liver enzyme was used as a surrogate of NAFLD and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used as the index of insulin resistance. The prevalence of elevated serum ALT (>or=40 mg/dl) was 33.4% in boys, and 19.6% in girls respectively. In boys, ALT was correlated with BMI, waist circumference, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, HOMA-IR, fasting serum insulin. Odds ratio for HOMA-IR against the elevated ALT (>or=40 mg/dl) was 1.061 (95% confidence interval, 1.020-1.103, P=0.003). In girls, ALT was correlated with BMI, waist circumference, total cholesterol, triglyceride, glucose, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, HOMA-IR, fasting serum insulin. Odds ratio for HOMA-IR against the elevated ALT (>or=40 mg/dl) was 1.042 (95% confidence interval, 0.998-1.088, P=0.063). Among obese Korean children, insulin resistance and ALT, lipid profile, BMI, WC, blood pressure showed significant correlation. Especially, in boys, higher ALT is founded to be independently associated with insulin resistance.