Effect of microbial transglutaminase on spaghetti quality.J Food Sci. 2008 Jun; 73(5):C306-12.JF
To examine the potential application of microbial transglutaminase (MTG) on semolina dough properties and quality of raw and cooked spaghetti, the effects of various MTG addition levels on the solubility of proteins, SDS-PAGE pattern of semolina dough proteins, and textural and structural properties of raw and cooked spaghetti were investigated using semolina from a high-protein good variety (MACS 1967) and a low-protein poor variety (PDW 274) durum wheat. To increase the concentration of lysyl residues and possibly enhance the extent of cross-linking of protein matrix by MTG, a commercial soy protein isolate (SPI) was added at a level of 3% (w/w) in combination with MTG, and its effect on semolina dough properties and spaghetti quality was investigated. The addition of MTG significantly decreased the solubility of semolina dough proteins. SDS-PAGE results showed that with increasing levels of MTG, a progressive decrease in the intensity of the bands corresponding to molecular weight of around 66 kDa was observed. Protein cross-linking reaction catalyzed by MTG resulted in changes in dough properties, dry spaghetti quality, cooking quality characteristics, and microstructure of cooked spaghetti. However, the quality improvements were more evident in spaghetti from the poor variety PDW 274 than from the good variety MACS 1967. The results also showed the ability of MTG in the formation of heterologous polymers between SPI and durum wheat proteins to improve the quality of spaghetti samples.