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Associations of birthweight and infant growth with body composition at age 15--the COMPASS study.
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2008; 22(4):379-88PP

Abstract

Size at birth and postnatal growth have been positively associated with obesity in adulthood. However, associations between postnatal growth and body composition later in life have rarely been studied. The overall purpose was to explore the associations between birthweight, weight gain during first year of life and height, weight, body mass index, fat free mass index (FFMI), fat mass index, % fat mass (FM) and waist circumference in adolescence. The COMPASS study is a population-based study of adolescents from a well-defined area in Stockholm County, Sweden. Birth characteristics and weight during childhood were collected from registers and child health centre records, and body composition at age 15 years was measured by bioelectric impedance by trained nurses. Complete data were available for 2453 adolescents. Associations between predictor and outcome variables were assessed with linear regression modelling. Birthweight was positively associated with all outcome variables, except for %FM among girls. FFMI increased by 0.49 kg/m(2)[95% CI 0.34, 0.63] (boys) and 0.25 kg/m(2)[0.12, 0.38] (girls) per 1 SD increase in birthweight. Increased weight gain in infancy showed strong, positive associations with all measures of body composition. FFMI increased by 0.73 kg/m(2)[0.60, 0.87] (boys) and 0.63 kg/m(2)[0.50, 0.76] (girls) per unit increase in weight z-score during first year of life. The effect of increased weight gain in infancy was not modified by birthweight. Birthweight and postnatal growth were both positively related to body composition in adolescence. Increased weight gain during the first year of life had stronger effect than prenatal growth, suggesting infancy to be a more critical period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Child and Adolescent Public Health Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. marit.eriksson@ki.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18578752

Citation

Eriksson, Marit, et al. "Associations of Birthweight and Infant Growth With Body Composition at Age 15--the COMPASS Study." Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, vol. 22, no. 4, 2008, pp. 379-88.
Eriksson M, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. Associations of birthweight and infant growth with body composition at age 15--the COMPASS study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2008;22(4):379-88.
Eriksson, M., Tynelius, P., & Rasmussen, F. (2008). Associations of birthweight and infant growth with body composition at age 15--the COMPASS study. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 22(4), pp. 379-88. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3016.2008.00944.x.
Eriksson M, Tynelius P, Rasmussen F. Associations of Birthweight and Infant Growth With Body Composition at Age 15--the COMPASS Study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2008;22(4):379-88. PubMed PMID: 18578752.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations of birthweight and infant growth with body composition at age 15--the COMPASS study. AU - Eriksson,Marit, AU - Tynelius,Per, AU - Rasmussen,Finn, PY - 2008/6/27/pubmed PY - 2008/11/11/medline PY - 2008/6/27/entrez SP - 379 EP - 88 JF - Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology JO - Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol VL - 22 IS - 4 N2 - Size at birth and postnatal growth have been positively associated with obesity in adulthood. However, associations between postnatal growth and body composition later in life have rarely been studied. The overall purpose was to explore the associations between birthweight, weight gain during first year of life and height, weight, body mass index, fat free mass index (FFMI), fat mass index, % fat mass (FM) and waist circumference in adolescence. The COMPASS study is a population-based study of adolescents from a well-defined area in Stockholm County, Sweden. Birth characteristics and weight during childhood were collected from registers and child health centre records, and body composition at age 15 years was measured by bioelectric impedance by trained nurses. Complete data were available for 2453 adolescents. Associations between predictor and outcome variables were assessed with linear regression modelling. Birthweight was positively associated with all outcome variables, except for %FM among girls. FFMI increased by 0.49 kg/m(2)[95% CI 0.34, 0.63] (boys) and 0.25 kg/m(2)[0.12, 0.38] (girls) per 1 SD increase in birthweight. Increased weight gain in infancy showed strong, positive associations with all measures of body composition. FFMI increased by 0.73 kg/m(2)[0.60, 0.87] (boys) and 0.63 kg/m(2)[0.50, 0.76] (girls) per unit increase in weight z-score during first year of life. The effect of increased weight gain in infancy was not modified by birthweight. Birthweight and postnatal growth were both positively related to body composition in adolescence. Increased weight gain during the first year of life had stronger effect than prenatal growth, suggesting infancy to be a more critical period. SN - 1365-3016 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18578752/Associations_of_birthweight_and_infant_growth_with_body_composition_at_age_15__the_COMPASS_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3016.2008.00944.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -