Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Strong negative association between intake of tofu and anemia among Chinese adults in Jiangsu, China.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Jul; 108(7):1146-53.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Anemia is prevalent in China. Tofu made from soybean is a popular food. Soybean is shown to have an affect on iron status. No study has examined the relation between tofu and iron status.

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the association between tofu intake and anemia among Chinese adults.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional household survey of 2,849 men and women aged 20 years and older (mean age 47.0+/-14.5 years), from a nationally representative random sample in Jiangsu province undertaken in 2002 (response rate 89%). Tofu intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire. Nutrient intake was measured by 3-day weighed food records. Serum ferritin and hemoglobin were measured.

RESULTS

The prevalence of anemia was 18.3% in men and 31.5% in women. Mean hemoglobin values increased by quartiles of tofu intake (men: 14.1, 14.0, 14.5, and 14.8 mg/dL [141, 140, 145, and 148 g/L]; women: 12.4, 12.5, 12.6 and 13.3 g/dL [124, 125,126, and 133 g/L]), and the prevalence of anemia decreased concomitantly. Comparing first and fourth quartiles of tofu intake, the prevalence of anemia was 23.9% vs 10.7% in men, and 38.1% vs 16.8% in women. Tofu intake was inversely associated with serum ferritin levels in women. In multivariate analyses, the odds ratio of anemia for men in fourth compared to first quartile of tofu intake was 0.30 (95% confidence interval 0.17 to 0.50), and the corresponding odds ratio for women was 0.31 (95% confidence interval 0.20 to 0.47). The association between tofu intake and anemia was independent of iron intake.

CONCLUSIONS

Tofu intake was associated with lower risk of anemia among Chinese adults in both sexes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China. zumins@vip.sina.com <zumins@vip.sina.com>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18589021

Citation

Shi, Zumin, et al. "Strong Negative Association Between Intake of Tofu and Anemia Among Chinese Adults in Jiangsu, China." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 108, no. 7, 2008, pp. 1146-53.
Shi Z, Hu X, Yuan B, et al. Strong negative association between intake of tofu and anemia among Chinese adults in Jiangsu, China. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(7):1146-53.
Shi, Z., Hu, X., Yuan, B., Pan, X., Dai, Y., Holmboe-Ottesen, G., & Byles, J. E. (2008). Strong negative association between intake of tofu and anemia among Chinese adults in Jiangsu, China. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 108(7), 1146-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.04.036
Shi Z, et al. Strong Negative Association Between Intake of Tofu and Anemia Among Chinese Adults in Jiangsu, China. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(7):1146-53. PubMed PMID: 18589021.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Strong negative association between intake of tofu and anemia among Chinese adults in Jiangsu, China. AU - Shi,Zumin, AU - Hu,Xiaoshu, AU - Yuan,Baojun, AU - Pan,Xiaoqun, AU - Dai,Yue, AU - Holmboe-Ottesen,Gerd, AU - Byles,Julie E, PY - 2007/09/17/received PY - 2008/01/18/accepted PY - 2008/7/1/pubmed PY - 2008/7/18/medline PY - 2008/7/1/entrez SP - 1146 EP - 53 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 108 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Anemia is prevalent in China. Tofu made from soybean is a popular food. Soybean is shown to have an affect on iron status. No study has examined the relation between tofu and iron status. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between tofu intake and anemia among Chinese adults. DESIGN: A cross-sectional household survey of 2,849 men and women aged 20 years and older (mean age 47.0+/-14.5 years), from a nationally representative random sample in Jiangsu province undertaken in 2002 (response rate 89%). Tofu intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire. Nutrient intake was measured by 3-day weighed food records. Serum ferritin and hemoglobin were measured. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia was 18.3% in men and 31.5% in women. Mean hemoglobin values increased by quartiles of tofu intake (men: 14.1, 14.0, 14.5, and 14.8 mg/dL [141, 140, 145, and 148 g/L]; women: 12.4, 12.5, 12.6 and 13.3 g/dL [124, 125,126, and 133 g/L]), and the prevalence of anemia decreased concomitantly. Comparing first and fourth quartiles of tofu intake, the prevalence of anemia was 23.9% vs 10.7% in men, and 38.1% vs 16.8% in women. Tofu intake was inversely associated with serum ferritin levels in women. In multivariate analyses, the odds ratio of anemia for men in fourth compared to first quartile of tofu intake was 0.30 (95% confidence interval 0.17 to 0.50), and the corresponding odds ratio for women was 0.31 (95% confidence interval 0.20 to 0.47). The association between tofu intake and anemia was independent of iron intake. CONCLUSIONS: Tofu intake was associated with lower risk of anemia among Chinese adults in both sexes. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18589021/Strong_negative_association_between_intake_of_tofu_and_anemia_among_Chinese_adults_in_Jiangsu_China_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(08)00607-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -