Investigation of the influence of different moisture levels on acrylamide formation/elimination reactions using multiresponse analysis.J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Aug 13; 56(15):6460-70.JA
The influence of water activity on the formation and elimination reactions of acrylamide was examined by means of multiresponse modeling on two different levels of complexity: basic equimolar asparagine-glucose systems and equimolar potato-based asparagine-glucose systems. To this end, model systems were first equilibrated to initial water activities in the range of 0.88-0.99 (corresponding roughly to the moisture gradient observed in French fries) and then heated at temperatures between 120 and 200 degrees C during different reaction times. For each sample, the concentration of acrylamide, glucose, asparagine, and aspartic acid was measured, as well as the extent of browning. A mechanistic model was proposed to model the five measured responses simultaneously. For both types of model systems, the model prediction was quite adequate, with the exception of the extent of browning, especially in the case of the potato-based model system. Moreover, the corresponding estimated kinetic parameters for acrylamide formation and elimination did not change significantly (based on a 95% confidence level) within the range of water activities tested, nor between the systems in the absence or presence of the potato matrix. The only remarkable difference was observed for the activation energy of acrylamide elimination, which was lower in the presence of the potato matrix, although not always significant. In general, these results confirm the generic nature of the model proposed and show that the influence of different moisture levels on acrylamide formation and elimination is minimal and that the addition of a potato matrix has little or no influence on the kinetic model and corresponding kinetic parameters.