Host-microbe interactions: innate pattern recognition of fungal pathogens.Curr Opin Microbiol. 2008 Aug; 11(4):305-12.CO
The recognition of fungi is mediated by germline pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) such as Toll-like receptors and lectin receptors that interact with conserved structures of the microorganisms, the pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Subsequently, PRRs activate intracellular signals that collaborate for the efficient activation of the host defense. The specificity of these responses is achieved through the activation of a particular mosaic of PRRs, that is determined by the available fungal PAMPs and the innate immune cells involved. This will determine a divergence of the final type of reaction, and in this way the innate host defense has the capability to deliver tailored responses to each pathogen.