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Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world.
Environ Sci Technol. 2008 Jun 15; 42(12):4261-7.ES

Abstract

The lack of safe water creates a tremendous burden of diarrheal disease and other debilitating, life-threatening illnesses for people in the developing world. Point-of-use (POU) water treatment technology has emerged as an approach that empowers people and communities without access to safe water to improve water quality by treating it in the home. Several POU technologies are available, but, except for boiling, none have achieved sustained, large-scale use. Sustained use is essential if household water treatment technology (HWT) is to provide continued protection, but it is difficult to achieve. The most effective, widely promoted and used POU HWTs are critically examined according to specified criteria for performance and sustainability. Ceramic and biosand household water filters are identified as most effective according to the evaluation criteria applied and as having the greatest potential to become widely used and sustainable for improving household water quality to reduce waterborne disease and death.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, CB#7431, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7431, USA. sobsey@unc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18605542

Citation

Sobsey, Mark D., et al. "Point of Use Household Drinking Water Filtration: a Practical, Effective Solution for Providing Sustained Access to Safe Drinking Water in the Developing World." Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 42, no. 12, 2008, pp. 4261-7.
Sobsey MD, Stauber CE, Casanova LM, et al. Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world. Environ Sci Technol. 2008;42(12):4261-7.
Sobsey, M. D., Stauber, C. E., Casanova, L. M., Brown, J. M., & Elliott, M. A. (2008). Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(12), 4261-7.
Sobsey MD, et al. Point of Use Household Drinking Water Filtration: a Practical, Effective Solution for Providing Sustained Access to Safe Drinking Water in the Developing World. Environ Sci Technol. 2008 Jun 15;42(12):4261-7. PubMed PMID: 18605542.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world. AU - Sobsey,Mark D, AU - Stauber,Christine E, AU - Casanova,Lisa M, AU - Brown,Joseph M, AU - Elliott,Mark A, PY - 2008/7/9/pubmed PY - 2008/10/11/medline PY - 2008/7/9/entrez SP - 4261 EP - 7 JF - Environmental science & technology JO - Environ. Sci. Technol. VL - 42 IS - 12 N2 - The lack of safe water creates a tremendous burden of diarrheal disease and other debilitating, life-threatening illnesses for people in the developing world. Point-of-use (POU) water treatment technology has emerged as an approach that empowers people and communities without access to safe water to improve water quality by treating it in the home. Several POU technologies are available, but, except for boiling, none have achieved sustained, large-scale use. Sustained use is essential if household water treatment technology (HWT) is to provide continued protection, but it is difficult to achieve. The most effective, widely promoted and used POU HWTs are critically examined according to specified criteria for performance and sustainability. Ceramic and biosand household water filters are identified as most effective according to the evaluation criteria applied and as having the greatest potential to become widely used and sustainable for improving household water quality to reduce waterborne disease and death. SN - 0013-936X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18605542/full_citation L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es702746n DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -