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Maternal and child contributions to cortisol response to emotional arousal in young children from low-income, rural communities.
Dev Psychol. 2008 Jul; 44(4):1095-109.DP

Abstract

Relations of maternal and child characteristics to child cortisol reactivity to and recovery from emotional arousal were examined prospectively at approximately 7 months of age (infancy) and then again at approximately 15 months of age (toddlerhood). The sample was diverse and population based (N = 1,292 mother-infant dyads) and included families from predominantly low-income, rural communities. Maternal behavior, family income-to-need ratio and social advantage, and child temperament, attention, and mental development were assessed, and children's saliva was sampled before and after standardized procedures designed to elicit emotional arousal. Maternal engagement in infancy was associated with greater cortisol reactivity at the infancy assessment and with reduced overall cortisol level at the toddler assessment. Also at the toddler assessment, child attention, mental development, and temperamental distress to novelty were associated with increased cortisol reactivity and regulation, whereas temperamental distress to limitations and African American ethnicity were associated with reduced cortisol reactivity. Findings are consistent with prior work linking early caregiving to the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis stress response system and with a conceptual model in which developing temperament is characterized by the interplay of emotional reactivity and the emergence of the ability to effortfully regulate this reactivity using attention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802-6504, USA. cbb11@psu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18605837

Citation

Blair, Clancy, et al. "Maternal and Child Contributions to Cortisol Response to Emotional Arousal in Young Children From Low-income, Rural Communities." Developmental Psychology, vol. 44, no. 4, 2008, pp. 1095-109.
Blair C, Granger DA, Kivlighan KT, et al. Maternal and child contributions to cortisol response to emotional arousal in young children from low-income, rural communities. Dev Psychol. 2008;44(4):1095-109.
Blair, C., Granger, D. A., Kivlighan, K. T., Mills-Koonce, R., Willoughby, M., Greenberg, M. T., Hibel, L. C., & Fortunato, C. K. (2008). Maternal and child contributions to cortisol response to emotional arousal in young children from low-income, rural communities. Developmental Psychology, 44(4), 1095-109. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.44.4.1095
Blair C, et al. Maternal and Child Contributions to Cortisol Response to Emotional Arousal in Young Children From Low-income, Rural Communities. Dev Psychol. 2008;44(4):1095-109. PubMed PMID: 18605837.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal and child contributions to cortisol response to emotional arousal in young children from low-income, rural communities. AU - Blair,Clancy, AU - Granger,Douglas A, AU - Kivlighan,Katie T, AU - Mills-Koonce,Roger, AU - Willoughby,Michael, AU - Greenberg,Mark T, AU - Hibel,Leah C, AU - Fortunato,Christine K, AU - ,, PY - 2008/7/9/pubmed PY - 2008/11/19/medline PY - 2008/7/9/entrez SP - 1095 EP - 109 JF - Developmental psychology JO - Dev Psychol VL - 44 IS - 4 N2 - Relations of maternal and child characteristics to child cortisol reactivity to and recovery from emotional arousal were examined prospectively at approximately 7 months of age (infancy) and then again at approximately 15 months of age (toddlerhood). The sample was diverse and population based (N = 1,292 mother-infant dyads) and included families from predominantly low-income, rural communities. Maternal behavior, family income-to-need ratio and social advantage, and child temperament, attention, and mental development were assessed, and children's saliva was sampled before and after standardized procedures designed to elicit emotional arousal. Maternal engagement in infancy was associated with greater cortisol reactivity at the infancy assessment and with reduced overall cortisol level at the toddler assessment. Also at the toddler assessment, child attention, mental development, and temperamental distress to novelty were associated with increased cortisol reactivity and regulation, whereas temperamental distress to limitations and African American ethnicity were associated with reduced cortisol reactivity. Findings are consistent with prior work linking early caregiving to the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis stress response system and with a conceptual model in which developing temperament is characterized by the interplay of emotional reactivity and the emergence of the ability to effortfully regulate this reactivity using attention. SN - 0012-1649 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18605837/Maternal_and_child_contributions_to_cortisol_response_to_emotional_arousal_in_young_children_from_low_income_rural_communities_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/dev/44/4/1095 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -