Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Executive functions: performance-based measures and the behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF) in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Child Neuropsychol. 2009 Jan; 15(1):53-72.CN

Abstract

Performance-based measures and ratings of executive functions were examined in a sample of adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comparison controls. Performance-based measures of executive function included inhibition, working memory, set shifting, and planning, and ratings of these same executive functions were completed by parents and teachers. Adolescents with ADHD demonstrated lower executive function performance than controls and displayed elevated ratings on the executive function ratings by parents and teachers. Significant associations were obtained between the performance-based measures and the parent and teacher ratings, but each measure was not uniquely associated with its respective scale on the rating scales. When performance-based measures and ratings were examined as predictors of ADHD status, the parent and teacher ratings entered as significant predictors of ADHD status. Further commonality analyses indicated that performance-based measures accounted for little unique variance in predicting ADHD status and also displayed little overlap with the behavioral ratings. These findings highlight the diagnostic utility of behavioral ratings of executive function in predicting ADHD status; however, behavioral ratings should not be assumed to be a proxy for performance on measures of executive function in clinical practice.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, York University, Ontario, Canada. mtoplak@yorku.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18608232

Citation

Toplak, Maggie E., et al. "Executive Functions: Performance-based Measures and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) in Adolescents With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)." Child Neuropsychology : a Journal On Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence, vol. 15, no. 1, 2009, pp. 53-72.
Toplak ME, Bucciarelli SM, Jain U, et al. Executive functions: performance-based measures and the behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF) in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Child Neuropsychol. 2009;15(1):53-72.
Toplak, M. E., Bucciarelli, S. M., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2009). Executive functions: performance-based measures and the behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF) in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Child Neuropsychology : a Journal On Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence, 15(1), 53-72. https://doi.org/10.1080/09297040802070929
Toplak ME, et al. Executive Functions: Performance-based Measures and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) in Adolescents With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Child Neuropsychol. 2009;15(1):53-72. PubMed PMID: 18608232.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Executive functions: performance-based measures and the behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF) in adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). AU - Toplak,Maggie E, AU - Bucciarelli,Stefania M, AU - Jain,Umesh, AU - Tannock,Rosemary, PY - 2008/7/9/entrez PY - 2008/7/9/pubmed PY - 2009/3/13/medline SP - 53 EP - 72 JF - Child neuropsychology : a journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence JO - Child Neuropsychol VL - 15 IS - 1 N2 - Performance-based measures and ratings of executive functions were examined in a sample of adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comparison controls. Performance-based measures of executive function included inhibition, working memory, set shifting, and planning, and ratings of these same executive functions were completed by parents and teachers. Adolescents with ADHD demonstrated lower executive function performance than controls and displayed elevated ratings on the executive function ratings by parents and teachers. Significant associations were obtained between the performance-based measures and the parent and teacher ratings, but each measure was not uniquely associated with its respective scale on the rating scales. When performance-based measures and ratings were examined as predictors of ADHD status, the parent and teacher ratings entered as significant predictors of ADHD status. Further commonality analyses indicated that performance-based measures accounted for little unique variance in predicting ADHD status and also displayed little overlap with the behavioral ratings. These findings highlight the diagnostic utility of behavioral ratings of executive function in predicting ADHD status; however, behavioral ratings should not be assumed to be a proxy for performance on measures of executive function in clinical practice. SN - 1744-4136 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18608232/Executive_functions:_performance_based_measures_and_the_behavior_rating_inventory_of_executive_function__BRIEF__in_adolescents_with_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder__ADHD__ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09297040802070929 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -